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标题:Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12)
时间:2021-04-08 15:17:30
DOI:10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_2698
大小:14557 kb
页数:961 PAGES
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目录:
  • S
    • Sacred and Quality of Life
    • Safe Sex Effect of Pornography
    • Sagacity
    • SAIS
    • Salient Values for the Future
    • Salutogenesis
      • Definition
      • The Background
      • Health as a Process
      • The Key Concepts
        • Sense of Coherence
        • Generalized Resistance Resources
      • Measuring Sense of Coherence
      • SOC and Quality of Life
      • Other Concepts Related to Salutogenesis
        • Self-Efficacy and SOC
        • Hardiness and SOC
        • Resilience and Personal Growth
        • Reasonableness
        • Flourishing
        • Empowerment
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SAM
    • Same-Sex Attraction
    • Same-Sex Behavior and Orientation in England
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • Results
        • Conclusions
        • Questions Measuring Sexual Orientation and Partnerships
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Same-Sex Couple Family
    • Same-Sex Domestic Violence
    • Same-Sex Marriage in Canada
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History in Canada
        • Impact of Marriage on Same-Sex Couples
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Same-Sex Partner Violence
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • What Current Research Tells Us
        • Barriers in Services
        • The Need for Future Work
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Same-Sex Unions
    • Same-Sex/Gender Partner Violence
    • Sample
    • Sample Frame
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sample Size
    • Sample Survey
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • How to Select Individuals in Your Study
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sampling Distribution
    • Sampling Error
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Quantification
        • Contributing Factors
        • Consequences
        • What It Is Not
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sampling Frame
    • San Francisco, Sustainable City
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Santa Cruz County (USA) Community Assessment Project
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • The CAP System
        • Outcomes of the CAP
          • Healthy Kids Program: Universal Health Care for Children 0-18
          • Together for Youth: Decreasing Substance Abuse
          • Go for Health: Childhood Obesity
          • Safe Schools/Healthy Students: Aligning Performance Measures to Population Results
        • Summary and Conclusions
        • Future Research
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Saskatoon Built Environment
    • SAS-SR
    • SAS-SR: Screener
    • SAS-SR: Short
    • Satellite Cities
    • Satisfaction
    • Satisfaction in Tibet
    • Satisfaction of Needs
    • Satisfaction with Family Relationships
    • Satisfaction with Friendships
    • Satisfaction with Government Index
    • Satisfaction with How Democracy Works
    • Satisfaction with Life
    • Satisfaction with Life as a Whole
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Satisfaction with Life as a Whole, Single-Item Measure
    • Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale for Cancer (SLDS-C)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Reliability
        • Validity
        • Other Versions of the SLDS
      • References
    • Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), an Overview
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Scale Development
        • Scoring the SWLS
        • Reliability and Validity
        • Factoral Structure
        • Cross-Cultural Research
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Satisfaction with Life Scale Adapted for Children
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Scoring
        • Reliability and Validity
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Satisfaction with Life Scale Score Reliability
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Satisfaction with Living Partner
    • Satisfaction with Personal Security
    • Satisfaction with Quality of Life Domains
    • Satisfaction with Spirituality
    • Scale Categories Effects
    • Scale Conversion
    • Scale Label Effects
    • Scale Orientation Effects
    • Scale Transformation
    • Scale, Interval
    • Scaling
    • Scaling-Effects Bias
    • Scalogram Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Scarcity Hypothesis
    • Scarcity of Time
    • Scattered Settlements
    • Scavengers
    • SCF Extraction
    • Schedule for Meaning in Life Evaluation, Spanish Version
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Adaptation and Validation Process
        • Method
      • Subjects Responded to the Following Self-Administered Instruments
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder Patients and Proxy Quality of life Ratings
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Methods
          • Participants and Data Collection
          • Instruments
        • Result
          • Characteristics of Patients and Proxies
          • Patient-Proxy Agreement at Group Level: Mean Differences
          • Patient-Proxy Agreement at Individual Level: ICC
        • Discussion
          • Patient-Proxy Agreement at Group Level
          • Patient-Proxy Agreement at the Individual Level
          • Effectiveness of Proxy Rating as a Surrogate of Patient Ratings
          • Patient-Proxy Agreement Levels Across Different Domains
      • Limitations
      • Conclusion
      • References
    • Schizophrenia and Satisfaction with Life Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Description
        • Assessing Subjective Well-Being of People with Schizophrenia
        • Empirical Evidence
        • Implications
      • References
    • School Activities
    • School and Student Engagement
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Components of Student Engagement
        • Effects of High and Low Student Engagement
        • Facilitators of Student Engagement
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Attendance
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Climate
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Relationship Between School Climate and PQOL
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Connectedness/Bonding
    • School Dropout
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Engagement
    • School Enrollment
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Increasing School Enrollments as a Focus of International Initiatives
        • The Growth in School Enrollments and the Development of a Schooled Society
        • Sociological Research on Worldwide Historical Growth in School Enrollments
        • Mass Education and the Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Experiences
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Using Positive School Experiences to Promote Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Happiness
    • School Life, Quality of
    • School Nonattendance
    • School Readiness
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Disambiguation
        • History and Use
        • Measurement of School Readiness
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Safety
    • School Satisfaction
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Measurement of School Satisfaction
        • Student Demographic Characteristics and School Satisfaction
        • Predictors of School Satisfaction
        • Outcomes Associated with School Satisfaction
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Sense of Community
      • Definition
        • Effects of School Sense of Community on Students
        • Which Variables Enhance Students´ Sense of Community at School?
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School Violence
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • School Violence
          • Bullying
          • International
          • Measurement
          • Intervention
          • Conclusion and Future Directions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • School-Based Interventions
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Positive Psychology
        • Subjective Well-Being and Quality of Life
        • Positive Psychology and Schools
        • Interventions
        • Universal
        • Selected and Targeted
        • Conclusion and Future Directions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Schooling
    • Schwartz Human Values Scale
    • Scientific Culture
    • Scientific Literacy
    • Scientific Survey
    • Scientific Theory, Quality of Life
    • Scoring Weights
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SCP Life Situation Index
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • Conceptual Framework
        • How Has the Dutch Life Situation Developed Since 1974?
        • Choice of Domains
        • Combining the Indicators into One Index
        • Using the Five-Situation Index to Measure Quality of Life in Dutch Cities
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SCR
    • Sculpture
    • SDB
    • SDI
    • SDI-21
    • SDS
    • Secondary Labor Market
    • Secondary Prevention Programs, Cardiac Care
    • Secondary Research
    • Second-Hand Recycling
    • Section 8 Public Housing
    • Security
    • Security and Flexibility at Work
    • Segregation
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SEIQoL
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • Procedure
        • Application
        • Feasibility
        • Internal Validity and Reliability
        • SEIQoL-DW
        • Validity and Reliability
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SEIQoL: Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life
    • SEIQoL-DW: Schedule for the Evaluation of Individual Quality of Life-Direct Weighting
    • Selection
    • Selection Framework of Indicators
    • Selective Democracy
    • Self-Acceptance
    • Self-Actualization
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Assessing Self-Actualization
        • Research on Self-Actualization
        • Critiques of the Self-Actualization Construct
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Anchored Rating Scale
    • Self-Anchored Scale
    • Self-Anchoring Rating Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Anchoring Scales in Internet Surveys
    • Self-Anchoring Scales in Online Surveys
    • Self-Anchoring Scales in Web Surveys
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Assessed Health
    • Self-Assessed Overall Health
    • Self-Assessment, Quality of Life
    • Self-Competence
    • Self-Concept
    • Self-Confidence
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Confidence as ``Certainty in Being Able to Handle Something´´
        • Confidence and Accuracy of Judgments
        • Self-Confidence, Performance, and Subjective Well-Being
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Construal
    • Self-Control
    • Self-Control Theory and Violence
    • Self-Culture Fit
    • Self-Deception
    • Self-Definition
    • Self-Determination
    • Self-Determination Theory
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Efficacy
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Determinants of Self-Efficacy
        • Self-Efficacy and Health
        • Self-Efficacy, Affective States, and Subjective Well-Being
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Employed Disabled Older Workers
    • Self-Employment
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Job Satisfaction and Self-Employment
      • Life Satisfaction and Self-Employment
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Employment and Job Satisfaction Among Older, Disabled Europeans
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Endorsement of One´s Action
    • Self-Enhancement
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Esteem
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Self-Esteem, Satisfaction with
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Evaluation
    • Self-Evaluation Motives
    • Self-Expressiveness
    • Self-Focused Approach Motives
    • Self-Focused Avoidance Motives
    • Self-Fulfillment
    • Self-Image
    • Self-Informant Agreement in Well-Being Ratings
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Findings on Self-Informant Agreement in Well-Being Ratings
        • Findings on Self-Informant Agreement in Life Satisfaction Ratings
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Informant Concordance
    • Self-Integrity
    • Self-Interest Thesis About Welfare State Attitudes
    • Selflessness
    • Self-Needs Satisfaction
    • Self-Other Agreement
    • Self-Others Satisfaction
    • Self-Perceived Burden (SPB)
    • Self-Perceived Burden Scale
    • Self-Perceived Burden to Others
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Measures
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Perceived Competence
    • Self-Perceptions
    • Self-Rated Health
    • Self-Rated Health of Italian Elderly
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Rated Poverty
    • Self-Rated Status
    • Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Characteristics
        • Scoring
        • Factor Structure
        • Norms
        • Reliability
          • Internal Consistency
          • Test-Retest Reliability
          • Inter-rater Reliability
        • Validity
          • Known-Groups Validity
          • Criterion-Related Validity
          • Convergent/Discriminant Validity
        • Sensitivity to Change
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Rating Depression Scale of Zung
    • Self-Realization
    • Self-Regulation
    • Self-Report Bias in Estimating Cross-Sectional and Treatment Effects
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Random Self-Report Bias
        • Systematic Self-Report Bias in Cross-Sectional Analysis
        • Systematic Self-Report Bias and Treatment Effects
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Report Functional Status Measures for Hip or Knee Replacement Surgery
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • The Beginnings of Patient-Reported Outcome Assessment
        • Second-Generation Measures
          • Two Common Conceptual Frameworks that Define the Disablement Process
        • Application of Theoretical Frameworks to Outcome Measure Development
        • Future Directions for Research on Knee and Hip Rating Scales
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Report Measures of Crime and Delinquency
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Reported Health
    • Self-Reporting Criminal Offenses
    • Self-Reports of Health-Related Work Limitations Among Older Europeans
    • Self-Reports of Work Disability Among Older Europeans
    • Self-Representation
    • Self-Serving Bias
    • Self-Transcendence
    • Self-Verification Theory
    • Self-Wants Satisfaction
    • Self-Weighing and Mental Health
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Self-Worth
    • Self-Worth and Measures of Body Image
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Theoretical Models of Global Self-Worth
        • Sources of Evaluation of the Physical Body
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Semantic Continuity of QOL
    • Semantic Differential
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Semantic Structure of Emotional Lexicon
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Semantic Structure of Emotional Lexicon: The Lexicon of Emotion in the Neo-Latin Languages
        • Aims and Hypotheses
        • Method
          • Phase 1: Selection of Emotional Terms
          • Phase 2: The Reciprocal Comparison Judgements
        • Results
        • Discussion and Conclusions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Senior Abuse
    • Senior´s Abuse
    • Seniors in Remote Areas
    • Seniors Injuries
    • Sense of Belonging
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sense of Coherence
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Sense of Community
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sense of Humour
    • Sense of Humour Questionnaire (SHQ-6)
    • Sense of Life, Spirituality
    • Sense of Place
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sense of Responsibility
    • Sense of Well-Being Inventory (SWBI)
    • Sense of Well-Being Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • Outcome Measure
        • Instrument Development
        • Description of Instrument
        • Validity
        • Reliability
        • Discussion
        • Acknowledgments
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sen-Shorrocks-Thon Index
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sensitivity
    • Sensitivity Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sensitivity to Change
    • Sentiments
    • Separation and Suicide
    • Separation Anxiety
    • Serenity
    • Serious Mental Illness in Israel
    • Service Activities Assessment
    • Service Quality in New Public Management
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Quality and Quality Management in Services
        • Quality Dimensions and Criteria for Services
        • Quality in New Public Management
      • References
    • Service Quality of Hotels
    • Service-Learning
    • Services
    • Set Point Theory
    • Set-Point Theory
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Severity of Illness
    • Sex Differences
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Mental Health
        • Physical Health
        • Subjective Well-Being (Happiness and Life Satisfaction)
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sex in Casual Relationships
    • Sex Offender(s)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Criminal Sentencing
        • Treatment
        • Sex Offenders and Mental Health
        • Sex Offender Risk Assessment and Recidivism
        • Reentry into the Community
        • Sex Offender Registry
        • Sexually Violent Predator Act (SVPA)/Sexually Dangerous Person (SDP)
        • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sex Segregation of Occupations
    • Sex Therapy
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sex Workers
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History of the Term ``Sex Worker´´
      • Discussion
        • Legislative Approaches to Sex Work
        • Sex Work Environments
        • Gaps in Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Sex Workers
          • Criminalization and Regulation of Sex Work
          • HIV and STIs
          • Violence
          • Economic Disempowerment
          • Lack of Access to Health and Social Services
          • Substance Use
        • Gender, Stigmatization, and Discrimination
        • Strategies to Promote the Health, Safety, and Well-Being of Sex Workers
        • Conclusions, Future Research, and Policy Needs
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sex, Arts, and Verbal Abilities
      • Description
        • Sex Frequency
        • Verbal Abilities
          • A Real Recession: Lowest Levels of Many QOL Measures in the 2010 GSS
        • Other QOL Indicators in the GSS
        • Arts Participation
        • Equality of Household Division of Labor
        • The Quality of Beer
      • References
    • Sexism
    • Sexist Attitudes
    • Sexist Behaviors
    • Sexist Beliefs
    • Sex-Role Egalitarianism Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Reliability
        • Validity
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sex-Role Portrayals
    • Sexual Activity
    • Sexual Arousal Disorder
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Sexual Arousal Disorders in Women
          • Symptoms
          • Etiology
          • Rates
          • Impairment
        • Sexual Arousal Disorders in Men
          • Symptoms
          • Etiology
          • Rates
          • Impairment
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Behavior(s)
      • Definition
      • Descriptions
      • References
    • Sexual Behaviors Desired Frequency
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Sexual Disorder
    • Sexual Drive
    • Sexual Dysfunction
    • Sexual Dysfunction(s)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Overview
        • DSM
        • Prevalence
        • Etiological Model
        • Biological, Psychological, and Social Correlates and Quality of Life Effects
        • Assessment and Treatment
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Economics Theory
    • Sexual Experiences
    • Sexual Experiences and Individual Traits
    • Sexual Functioning
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Aspects of Sexual Functioning
        • Nosology of Components of Sexual Functioning
        • Assessment
        • Prevalence of Impairments in Sexual Functioning
        • Risk Factors for Impairments in Sexual Functioning
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Identity
    • Sexual Impulse Control
    • Sexual Impulsivity
    • Sexual Interest
    • Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Prevalence
        • SIAD-Associated Features
        • Assessment
        • Treatment
        • Impact of SIAD on Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Interest/Arousal Disorder (SIAD)
    • Sexual Motives and Quality of Life
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
        • Definitions
      • Description
        • The Impact of Gender on Sexual Motives
        • Sexual Motives Change as Relationships Deepen
        • Practical Consequences
        • Willingness to Engage in Risky Sexual Behavior
        • Conclusions
      • References
    • Sexual Offender
    • Sexual Orientation
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Definitions of Sexual Orientation
        • Theory: Sexual Minority Status, Stigmatization, and Well-being
        • Research: Reduced Well-being in Sexual Minority Adults
        • Enhanced Well-being of Sexual Minority Adults: Coping, Support, and Resilience
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Orientation and Mental Health
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Satisfaction
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Satisfaction and Gender Differences
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Satisfaction and Sexual Costs in Women
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Sexual Satisfaction in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, and Assertiveness
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Sexual Script Theory
    • Sexual Scripts
    • Sexual Scripts Overlap Scale (SIOS)
    • Sexuality
    • Sexually Explicit Material
    • Sexually Transmitted Infection(s)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sexual-Prejudice
    • SF-12v2
    • SF-36
    • SF-36 Health Survey
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Reliability
        • Validity
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SF-36v2
    • SF-8TM Health Survey
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SFA
    • SFE
    • SF-MPQ
    • SF-MPQ-2
    • SGRQ
    • SGRQ-C
    • SGRQ-I
    • Shanty Towns in South Africa
    • Shared Disadvantage of Space
    • Shared Territories
    • Shared Values
    • Sharing of Household Responsibilities
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Housework Conflict and Unfairness
          • The Individual-Level Context
          • The Macrolevel Context
        • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sharing Space in the Contemporary City
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Sharing Inflections
          • Contemporay Anti-Urbanism
          • New Urbanism
          • Emerging Territories
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sheltered Housing
    • Shopper Satisfaction
    • Shopping Life
    • Shopping Satisfaction
    • Shopping Well-Being
    • Short DFS
    • Short Form 12 Health Survey (SF-12)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Background
        • Scales and Component Summaries
        • Scoring
        • Reliability and Validity
        • Applications and Use
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Short Form Health Survey 36
    • Short Form PGWBI
    • Short Form-36
    • Short Form-36 General Health Survey
    • Short FSS
    • Shyness
    • SIAD
    • Siblings, Overview
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sickness Impact Profile (SIP)
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Conceptual Framework
        • Development and Testing
        • Properties of Final Version
        • Administration Methods
        • Limitations
        • Applications
        • Summary
      • References
    • Sickness Presenteeism
    • Signals
    • Significance Testing
    • Significance, Statistical
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Significant Difference
    • Signs of Context
    • Similarity Analysis
    • Simple
    • Simple Component Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Simplex Scales
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Simultaneous Latent-Class Analysis Across Groups
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Three Parameterizations
        • Multigroup LC Models for Ordinal Indicators and with Ordinal Latent Variables
        • Analysis of Measurement Equivalence
        • Parameter Estimation and Assessment of Model Fit
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SINET
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Singapore, Quality of Life
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
        • Singapore
      • Description
        • Overview
        • Overall Quality of Life
        • Satisfaction with Life and Specific Life Domains
        • Satisfaction with Living in Singapore
        • Emotional Well-Being, Psychological Flourishing, and Economic Well-Being
        • Value Orientations and Well-Being
        • Concluding Remarks
      • References
    • Singing
    • Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms
    • Single-Industry Communities
    • Single-Parent Families
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Single-Parenthood Family
    • SIS
    • SIS and SS-QOL
    • Sisters
    • Situational Crime Prevention
    • Skills
    • Skills and Human Capital
    • Skin Cancer
    • Skipped Generational Family
    • SLDS-C
    • Sleep and Well-Being
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Methods
          • Participants
          • Measures
        • Results
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Sleep Quality and Disturbance
    • Sleep, an Overview
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sleepiness
    • Sleeping Rough
    • SLiCA, Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • The 1994 Greenland Living Conditions Survey and Methodological Implications
        • The Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic/SLiCA
        • Major Objectives Based on a New Set of Ground Rules for Living Conditions Research in the Arctic
        • The Concepts of Living Conditions and Well-Being in SLICA
        • Developing the International SLiCA Questionnaire: From Social Goals to Living Conditions Dimensions and Social Indicators
        • The Process of Defining Indicators of Living Conditions
        • The International SLiCA Core Questionnaire
        • The Interviews
        • The SLiCA Sample Summary and Response Rates
        • The SLiCA Unit(s) of Analyses: Different Levels of Aggregation and Various Categorizations
        • Protection, Handling, and Conditions for Use of SLiCA Data
        • SLiCA: International Outreach
        • SLiCA Results: Major Findings
        • Satisfaction with Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Slope
    • Slough
    • Slovakia: Rural Development Index
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Administrative Structures
        • Land Use
        • Demography
        • Economy
        • Rural Development
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Slovenian/Serbian Intermarriage
    • Small Congregate Care
    • Small-Area Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Small-Area Estimation
    • Smart Growth
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Critiques on Smart Growth?
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SMiLE
    • Sociability
    • Social (Including Psychological), Economic, and Environmental Implications of Drought and Prolonged Drying Events
    • Social Accounting Matrix
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • General Description
        • Flexibility
        • The ``Social´´ Aspect of SAMs
        • SAMs and Modeling
      • References
    • Social Activism
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Motivations
        • Who Is Involved in Social Activism?
        • History of Social Activism
        • Originators and Heroes of Social Activism
        • Public Discourse
        • Social Activism and Violence
        • The Internet and Social Media
        • Celebrity, Business, and Social Activism
        • Corporate Involvement and False Social Activism
        • Social Entrepreneurship
        • Challenges for Social Activism
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Actors´ Perspectives
    • Social Adjustment Scale Self-Report (SAS-SR)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Development
        • Reliability
          • Internal Consistency
          • Test-Retest
        • Validity
          • Convergent Validity
          • Treatment Sensitivity
          • Discriminative Validity
        • Translations
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADA)
    • Social Capabilities in Chile
    • Social Capital and Health Inequalities
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Social Caste
    • Social Change
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Social Changes in Crime
    • Social Class
    • Social Class in Brazil
    • Social Codes
    • Social Cohesion
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Cohesion and Social Capital Among Students
    • Social Cohesion Regimes
    • Social Comparison
    • Social Comparison Group
    • Social Comparison Theory
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • SCT and Subjective Well-Being (SWB)
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Competence
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Consequences of Insecure Jobs
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Development
        • Consequences for Career and Income
        • Social Consequences
        • Mechanisms, Mediators, and Moderator
        • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Control Theory and Violence
    • Social Correlates of Well-Being
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Social Desirability Bias
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Desirability Bias and Context in Sensitive Surveys
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Development
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Family
        • Peer
        • Social Context
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Development Index
    • Social Development Index (SDI)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Social Development Captured by the SDI
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Difficulties Inventory, Urdu, Punjabi, and Hindi Versions
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Translation and Validation of the SDI-21
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Social Disparities
    • Social Dominance Theory
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Ecofeminism
    • Social Ecological Model of Work Stress
    • Social Ecology
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Core Principles of Social Ecology and Their Relevance to Quality of Life
        • Conclusions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Exclusion
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Functioning
    • Social Health
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Health in French Regions
      • Definition
      • Description
        • A Project: Interregional Comparisons of Social Health
        • An Innovative Experiment in Democracy in the French Regions
        • A Multidimensional Composite Indicator
          • The Income Dimension
          • Work and Employment
          • Education, Health, Housing, and Justice
          • Social Relations: A Dual Dimension for the Regional Indicator of Social Health
          • Empirical Standardization
      • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Housing
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Ideas
    • Social Identity Theory
    • Social Impact Analysis
    • Social Impact Assessment
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History/Background
        • What Is SIA?
        • Defining Social Impacts
        • The SIA Process
        • SIA Principles and Professional Framework
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Inclusion
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Indicators
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Indicators Movement
    • Social Indicators Research
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Indifference Curves
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Inequalities
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Inequalities in Health
    • Social Innovation
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Social Innovation at the Microlevel
        • Social Innovation at the Macro-Level
        • Future Research
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Institutions
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Integration
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Integration and Suicide in Norway
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • The Concept of Social Integration
        • Linking Social Integration and Suicide
        • Empirical Study
        • Results
        • Discussion
        • Limitations
      • References
    • Social Intentions
    • Social Interaction
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Face-to-Face Encounters
        • An Example: The Impact of Social Interactions Between Neighbors
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Interactions
    • Social Justice
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Concepts, Theory, and Praxis
        • Oppression and Domination
        • Hegemony and Power
        • Institutions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Learning Theory and Violence
    • Social Life
    • Social Marketing
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Social Media and Leisure
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Media Marketing
    • Social Mobility
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Movement Strength in Ecuador and Peru
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
        • What Is Social Movement Strength?
      • Description
        • How Have Ecuador´s and Peru´s Indigenous Social Movements Scored on These Measures of Strength?
          • CONAIE and the Ecuadorian Indigenous Movement
          • Regionalized Movements in Peru
        • What Are the Political Outcomes of Strong Versus Weak Indigenous Movements?
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Network
    • Social Network Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Social Network Analysis and Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Network Theory (Primarily in Sociology Literature)
    • Social Networks
    • Social Norms
    • Social Participation
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Participation of Older Adults
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Results
      • Conclusions
      • References
        • Key References/Additional Readings
    • Social Policy
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Role of State in Economy
        • Welfare State
        • Social Policy and Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Programs
    • Social Progress
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social QOL
    • Social Quality of Life
    • Social Relationships and Roles
    • Social Rented Housing
    • Social Resources
    • Social Responsibility
    • Social Rules for Emotion
    • Social Safety Nets
    • Social Self
    • Social Service Users
    • Social State of the Netherlands
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • SSN
        • Social Monitoring
        • A Model-Based Approach
        • Choice of Indicators
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Stigma
    • Social Stratification
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Stress
    • Social Structure and Happiness
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Social-Demographic Characteristics of People
        • The Structural Types of Societies
        • Stratification of World Society
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Support
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Structure of Social Support
        • Function of Social Support
        • Negative Support
        • Gender Effects
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Support and Depression Among Adolescent Mothers
      • Description
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Support and Self-Worth Among African-American Youth
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • McMahon, Felix, and Nagarajen (2011)
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Support in Gay Men, Satisfaction with
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Differences in Social Support Relative to Heterosexual People
        • Importance of Social Support in Gay Men
        • Factors Related to Risk and Resilience
        • Conclusion
      • References
    • Social Sustainability
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Quality of Life
        • Equity (or Social Justice)
        • Inclusion (or Interconnectedness)
        • Access
        • A ``Futures Focus´´
        • Participatory Processes
        • Emerging Models
        • Criticisms of the Concept
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Tendency
    • Social Trends
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • Further Readings
    • Social Trust
    • Social Values and Good Living
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Debates
        • Value Processes and Good Living
      • References
    • Social Vulnerability
    • Social Welfare
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social Welfare Indifference Curves
    • Social Well-Being
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Social-Ecological System(s)
      • Synonyms
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Socialization
    • Socially Induced Affect
    • Societal Development
    • Societal Limitations
    • Societal Progress
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History
        • Conceptual Issues
        • Current Views and Discourses
        • Measurement
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Societal Quality
    • Societal Responsibility
    • Sociocentrism
    • Socioeconomic Determinants of Health
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Socioeconomic Indicators
      • Definition
      • Description
      • The Specification of Socioeconomic Indicators of Quality of Life
        • Material and Nonmaterial Resources (Inputs)
          • General Socioeconomic Situation
            • Available Services
          • Natural and Urban Environment
            • Attractiveness
          • Processes Needed to Reach Material and Nonmaterial Resources
            • Equality and Social Cohesion
            • Education, Information
      • Estimations
      • Conclusions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Socioeconomic Status (SES)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Measurement of Socioeconomic Status
        • Theories on ``Capital´´ and SES
        • Criticism and Limitations
      • References
    • Socioemotional Selectivity Theory
    • Sociology
    • Sociosexuality
    • Soil Fertility
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Solar Energy
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Solar Radiation
    • Sole 24 Ore
    • Solicitude
    • Solidarity
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Solitary
    • Song
    • Sorrows
    • Sound
    • Sound Reduction
    • South Africa, Quality of Life
      • Synonyms
      • Description
        • Cross-Sectional Quality of Life Studies
        • Panel, Community, and Area Studies
        • International Participation
        • Inclusive Research
        • Specific South African Concerns
        • Quality of Life Indices
        • Outlook
        • Websites for Research Organizations
      • Cross-References
      • References
        • Special Issues on South Africa in Social Indicators Research
        • South African Quality of Life Trends Study: (Select References in Chronological Order)
    • South African Quality of Life Trends Study (SAQoL)
    • South African Social Attitudes Survey (SASAS)
    • South African Township Transformation
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • South African Urban Growth (1911-2000)
      • Synonyms
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Methodology
        • Key Findings
          • The Rural to Urban Shift in the Population
          • Urban Population Change
        • Discussion and Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • South America
    • South Korea, Quality of Life
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Southern African Labour and Development Research Unit (SALDRU)
    • Spain
    • Spain, Personal Well-Being Index; Application with People Aged 50 Years and Older
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • The Use of the PWI Within the Pilot Study on the Spanish Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELES Project)
        • Characteristics of the ELES Pilot Study Survey
        • A Note on the Psychometric Performance of the PWI Within the ELES Pilot Study
        • The Comparative Backgrounds of the PWI
        • The PWI and Its Relationship with Other Instruments Measuring Living Conditions Among the Older Population
        • The Findings Implications of the PWI and Data Sharing Policy in the Context of the ELES Pilot Study
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spain, Personal Well-Being Index; Validation with Older Adults
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Reliability
        • Validity
        • Determinants of Well-Being
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spanish Geography and the Quality of Life
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Results
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spanish Social Service Recipients
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Methods
        • Sample Selection
        • Participants
        • Instrument
      • Results
        • Positive Results in Quality of Life
        • Significant Differences in Quality of Life
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spanish Version of Meaning in Life Schedule
    • Spare Time
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spastic Colon
    • Spatial Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spatial Planning (Europe)
    • Spatial Representation
    • Spatial Statistics
    • Specialization Advantage
    • Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Rationale for Development
        • Description of the Items/Subscales
        • Scoring and Cutoffs
        • Acceptability/Ease of Administration
        • Psychometric Data
          • Reliability
          • Validity
        • Uses in Various Settings: Clinical Experience
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spiritual Fitness Assessment
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion and Recommendations for Future Research
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spiritual Life
    • Spiritual Needs of Those with Chronic Diseases
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Psychosocial and Spiritual Needs of Patients with Chronic Diseases
        • Spiritual Needs and Quality of Life-Associated Variables
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spiritual Quality of Life
    • Spiritual Self
    • Spiritual Socialization
    • Spiritual Struggles
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spirituality
    • Spirituality and Adjustment to Divorce
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Research Among Adults
        • Research Among Children and Families
        • Discussion
      • References
    • Spirituality and Coping in Patients with Schizophrenia
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
        • Spirituality/Religiousness
        • Coping
      • Description
        • Measuring Spirituality/Religiousness
        • Measuring Coping
        • Spirituality and Coping in Schizophrenia
          • Helpful Form/Positive Effects of Religious Coping
          • Outcomes of Positive Religious Coping
          • Harmful or Negative Coping
          • Religion in the Problem-Solving Process
          • Relation Between Spirituality/Religiousness and Coping Mechanisms
      • References
    • Spirituality, Luck and Well-Being
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
        • Definitions
    • Spirituality, Overview
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Assessment of Spirituality
        • Spirituality and Quality of Life
        • Spirituality as a Cause of Quality of Life
        • Spirituality and Developmental Outcomes
        • Spirituality and Health Outcomes
        • Spirituality Intervention
        • Organizational Behavior
        • Spirituality and Life Satisfaction
        • Spirituality as a Concomitant of Quality of Life
        • Conceptual, Methodological, and Practical Issues
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spirituality, Religiosity, and QOL
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Religion and QOL
        • Spirituality and QOL
        • Religion/Spirituality and QOL
        • Religiosity and QOL
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Spontaneous Urban Practices
    • Sport(s)
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Sport, Young People, and Well-Being
        • Gender, Sport, and Well-Being
        • Pleasure
        • Opportunities
        • Conclusion
      • References
    • Sporting Event Attendance
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sports Activities
    • Sports in Brazil
    • Spouce Caregiving
    • Spousal Concordance/Similarity
    • Spousal Loss
    • Spousal Relationship Quality
    • Spousal Relationship, Quality of
    • Spousal Satisfaction
    • Spousal Support
    • Spouse Abuse
    • SPWB
    • SQOL
    • SRES
    • SRS
    • SSA: Similarity Structure Analysis
      • Definition
      • Description
        • SSA1 in Practice
      • Input Data
      • Output Results
      • Dimensionality
      • Goodness of Fit
      • Correspondence between SSA Configuration and Content
      • SSA with Facets
      • Analysis of an Asymmetric Matrix
        • SSA2
      • WSSA1
      • Some Aspects of the Mathematical Solution of the Method
        • Statement of the Problem
      • The Determination of a Loss Function
      • The Actual WSSA1 Algorithm
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SSI
    • SSN
    • SSWB
    • St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Measurement Model
        • Metric Properties
        • Interpretation Strategies
        • New Disease-Specific Versions
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stability-Despite-Loss Paradox
    • Stable and Unitary Self
    • Stages of Family Development
    • Stages of the Family Life Cycle
    • Stakeholders´ Perspective
    • Standard Deviation(s)
      • Definition
      • Recommended Reading
    • Standard Error
    • Standard Error of Measurement
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Standard Errors
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Standard Eurobarometer
    • Standard Scores
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
          • Illustrative Example
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Standardization
    • Standardization of International Happiness Scale
    • Standardized Regression Coefficient
    • State Appropriations and Institutional Quality
    • State of Highest Happiness
    • State of the Child
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • State of the Lake Report
    • State Space Modeling
    • State-Corporate Crime and Public Opinion
      • Description
        • War Legitimation Inside and Outside Criminology
        • The State, Corporate Media, and Public Opinion
        • War Legitimation in Normal Times
        • War Legitimation in Crises
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • State-Trait Anxiety Inventory
    • Static and Dynamic Efficiency
    • Statistical Experimental Design
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Statistics: Rules for Rounding
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Context and Objective
        • Six Basic Rules for Rounding
        • Rounding Interval Values in QoL Research Reporting
        • Some Practical Rules of Thumb for Happiness in Nations
        • Publications and Other Presentations
      • References
    • Status Seeking
    • Stereotypes Among Older Workers
    • Sterility
    • STI(S)
    • Stiglitz Report
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stigmatization
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • S-Time-Distance
    • Stimulus-Centered Scale
    • Stochastic Differential Equation Modeling
    • Storytelling
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Strategic Environmental Assessment
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stratification in Survey Research
    • Stratospheric Ozone
    • Street and Social Networks
    • Street Waste Pickers in Pretoria, South Africa
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Discussion
        • Summary of Key Characteristics of Street Waste Pickers in Pretoria
      • References
    • Streetscape
    • Strengths of Character
    • Strengths Use
    • Strengths-Based Approaches
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Strengths-Based Virtues
    • Stress
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stress or Depression Indicators
    • Stress Process
    • Stress Reactivity
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Psychological and Behavioral Stress Responses
        • Physiological Stress Responses
        • Moderators of Stress Reactivity
        • Empirical Approaches to the Study of Stress Reactivity
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stressful Life Events
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Strike Action
    • Stroke
    • Stroke Impact Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Administration
        • Internal Consistency
        • Content Validity
        • Convergent Validity
        • Discriminant Validity
        • Reliability
      • Minimal Detectable Changes (MDC) and Clinically Important Differences (CID)
        • Limitations
        • Advantages
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 and the Stroke-Specific Quality of Life Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Brief Historical Review for SIS 3.0 and SS-QOL
        • Comparisons of the Items (or Contents) of SIS 3.0 and SS-QOL
        • Metric Properties (Including Psychometric and Clinimetric Properties) of SIS and SS-QOL
          • SIS 3.0
          • SS-QOL
        • Comparison of Metric Properties of SIS 3.0 and SS-QOL
        • Discussion and Conclusion (Directions for Future Research and Clinical Implication)
      • Cross-References
      • References
        • Key References/Additional Readings
    • Structural Analysis
    • Structural Determinants of Homicide
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Structural Equation Models
    • Structural Hypotheses
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Tools for Generating Structural Hypotheses
      • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Structural Interview of Symptoms and Concerns (SISC)
    • Structural Network Power Index (SNPI)
    • Structure of Quality of Life
    • Structure of Society and Happiness
    • Structure of Well-Being: A Facet Approach
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Faceted Definition for the Concept of Well-Being
        • Design of Observations: The Mapping Sentence
        • The General Hypothesis of Facet Theory
        • Roles of Facets in Establishing Structural Theory for Well-Being
          • The Axial Role of the Stem Facets
        • The Radex Generated by the Modifying Facets: The Polarizing Role of the Life Area Facet
        • Distance from Happiness: The Modulating Social Environment Facet
          • Modulation of Distance from the Origin: General Versus Specific Aspect
        • The Four-Dimensional Radex-Duplex Structure of Well-Being
      • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Structured Questionnaires
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Student Achievement
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Designing Effective Assessment Systems
        • Methodological Considerations
        • Policy Frameworks for Comparative Assessments
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Student Evaluation
    • Student Examinations
    • Student Quality of Life
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Measures
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Studies on Measurement Properties, Appraisal Tool
    • Study Design
    • Study of Urban Form
    • Study Population
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subarea/District Planning
    • Subjective Age Identity Scale (SAIS)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Overview and Administration
        • Development
        • Scoring
        • Factor Structure
        • Reliability
        • Validity
        • Desired Age Measure
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Class
    • Subjective Class ID
    • Subjective Discount Rate and WTP
    • Subjective Embodiment
    • Subjective Happiness Scale
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Development
        • Technical
          • Item Selection and Sample Data
          • Factor Analysis
          • Test-Retest Reliability and Internal Consistency
          • Validity
        • Cross-Cultural Use
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS)
    • Subjective Health and Subjective Well-Being
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Concepts and Measurement
          • Subjective Health
          • Subjective Well-Being
          • Correlation
          • Interpretation and Causality
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Importance Assessment
    • Subjective Income Inequality
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Indicators
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Indicators of Well-Being
      • Synonyms
      • Description
      • References
    • Subjective Legitimacy of Public Safety Indicators
    • Subjective Poverty
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Poverty: The Leyden Approach
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Subjective Quality of Rural Living Conditions
    • Subjective Sexual Well-Being
    • Subjective Weighting
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Well-Being
    • Subjective Well-Being (SWB)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Measurement
        • Determinants
        • Consequences
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subjective Well-Being in ASEAN
      • Definition
        • ASEAN
      • Description
        • Overview
        • Method
          • Data Sources
          • Variables Used in Analysis
        • Results
          • Happiness
          • Enjoyment and Achievement
        • The Impact of Demographic and Non-demographic Factors
          • Indonesia
          • Malaysia
          • Philippines
          • Singapore
          • Thailand
        • Discussion
          • Summary of Key Findings
          • Implications
      • References
    • Subjective Well-Being Indicators
    • Subjective Well-Being Measure
    • Subjective Well-Being, General Theory
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Thoughts in Present, Past, and Prospect
          • Present
          • Past
          • Future
        • Temporal Assessments
          • Experience
          • Evaluation
          • Expectation
        • Cognitive Biases
          • Biases Between Temporal States
          • Meta-Biases
        • Key Points and Implications of the 3P Model
      • Discussion
      • References
    • Subjective Well-Being, Psychopathology, and Physical Health in Adolescents
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Subordination-Reactivity and Health
    • Subsample
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subsampling
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Subscales
    • Subsistence Activities
    • Subsistence Economy
    • Subsistence in the Arctic
      • Synonyms
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Substance Abuse
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Substance Abuse Counseling
    • Substantive Democracy
    • Substitute or Alternative Care
    • Substitution Treatment for Opiate Dependence
    • Subtle Prejudice
    • Suburbanization
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Successful Aging (SA)
    • Successful Completion of Upper Secondary Programs
    • Suffering
    • Suicidal Behavior
    • Sulfur Dioxide Emissions in OECD Countries
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Historical Development of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions
        • Determinants of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions
        • Projected Development of Sulfur Dioxide Emissions
        • Interlinkages Between Sulfur Dioxide Emissions and Quality of Life
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sum of Pleasures and Pains
    • Sum of Squares
    • Summary Quality of Life Indices
    • Summum Bonum
    • Sunlight
    • Supercritical Fluid Extraction as a Green Technology
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Fundamentals
        • The Process
        • Applications
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Supervisory Care of Children
    • Support for Globalization Forces Index
    • Support Group(s)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Support Measures
    • Support Network
    • Surgery/Ablation/Resection/Operation
    • Surrogate Endpoint
    • Surrogate Endpoint Analysis
    • Surveillance and Crime
    • Survey
    • Survey Administration
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Survey Errors
    • Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
    • Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE)
    • Survey of Living Conditions in the Arctic: Inuit, Saami, and the Indigenous Peoples of Chukotka and the Kola Peninsula
    • Survey Research
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Survey Research Practicum
    • Survey Responses with Insufficient Effort
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Study 1
        • Study 2
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Surveys on Sexual Issues
    • Survival Analysis
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Issues on Analyzing Survival Analysis
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Suspense
    • Sustainability
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Our Common Future
        • Weak and Strong Sustainability
        • Origin of the Idea of Development
        • New Awareness of the Limits to Growth
        • Evolution of the Concept of SD and Sustainability
        • Sustainability Science
        • Sustainability and Quality of Life
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainability Assessment
    • Sustainability Benchmarks of Fraser Basin by NGO
    • Sustainability Indicators for Liveable Flemish Cities
    • Sustainability Indicators for the Fraser Basin in British Columbia, Canada
    • Sustainability Measurement
    • Sustainability Measures for Fraser Basin, British Columbia, Canada
    • Sustainable Communities Movement
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • History
        • Principles
        • Community Sustainability Initiatives
        • Measuring Community Sustainability
      • References
    • Sustainable Development
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Development Attitudes
    • Sustainable Development Behaviors
    • Sustainable Development Indicators
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Development Knowledge
    • Sustainable Development Working Group, Arctic Council´s
      • Brief History
      • Activities/Major Accomplishments/Contributions
        • The Arctic Council Sustainable Development Working Group (SDWG)
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Governance
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Sustainable Lifestyles
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Mobility
    • Sustainable Regional Development
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Seattle
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Society Index, Tool for Measuring Well-Being
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Sustainability
        • Short History of the Sustainable Society Index, SSI
        • Current Framework of the SSI
        • Calculation Methodology
          • Raw Data to Indicator Scores
          • Aggregation
        • Continuity of the SSI
        • Main Results SSI-2012
          • World Totals
            • Indicator Scores
            • Well-being Scores
        • World Totals: Progress 2006-2012
          • Indicators: Progress
          • Well-being Dimensions: Progress
        • Regional Totals
        • Scores per Income Class
        • National, Regional, and Local Level
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Transport
    • Sustainable Transportation and Well-Being
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Sustainable Urban Design
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Swamp
    • Swedish Level-of-Living Surveys
    • Swedish Surveys of Living Conditions
    • Swiss Confederation
    • Switzerland, Quality of Life
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • SWLS
    • SWLS-C
    • SWs
    • Symbolic Capital
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Genealogy of Symbolic Capital
          • Toward a General Theory of the Economy of Practices
        • Reproduction and Accumulation Strategies
        • Empirical Analyses of Symbolic Capital Mechanisms
        • ``Negative´´ Symbolic Capital
        • How to Measure Symbolic Capital?
        • Toward a Generalized Multilevel Conception of Symbolic Capital
      • References
    • Symbolic Theory of Crime and Crime Control
    • Sympathy
    • Symptom Level
    • Symptomatic Gallstone Disease
    • Symptomatic Gallstone Disease and Quality of Life in Taiwan
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Introduction
        • Methods
          • Study Population
          • Measuring Instruments and Statistical Analysis
        • Results
          • SF-36 and GIQLI
          • Correlation of General Health Status with Gastrointestinal-Specific Quality of Life
          • Multivariate Analysis
        • Discussion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Synthesis of Quality of Life Models
    • Synthetic Indicators of the Quality of Life in Europe
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Principal Components Analysis (PCA)
        • Data Envelopment Analysis
        • The P2 Distance Method
          • Comparison of Results
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Synthetic Research
    • System Dynamics Modeling
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • System Justification Theory
    • System Justification Theory (SJT)
    • System Maintenance
    • Systematic Reviews of Measurement Properties
      • Definition
      • Description
        • Aim
        • Identification and Selection of All Relevant Articles in the Literature
        • Assessing the Methodological Quality of the Articles
        • Extracting Relevant Data from the Studies
        • Data Synthesis
        • Adequacy of the Results on the Measurement Properties
        • Drawing Conclusions in a Systematic Review
        • Reporting the Results of a Systematic Review
      • Conclusion
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Systemic Approach to Quality of Life
    • Systemic Design
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • From Systems Theory to Systemic Design
        • Crisis of Producing Processes
        • The Role of Design
        • Feasible Way of Analysis and Planning Philosophy of Systemic Design
          • Holistic Survey
          • Criticality Statements
          • Design Guidelines
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Systemic Functioning
    • Systemic Paradigm
    • Systemic Quality of Life Model (SQOL)
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
        • The Conception of SQOL
        • Subjective or Objective?
        • SQOL as Scientific Theory
        • Applications of SQOL
        • Comparative Evaluation of SQOL
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Systemic Quality of Life Theory
    • System-Justifying Beliefs
    • System-Justifying Ideologies
      • Synonyms
      • Definition
      • Description
      • References
    • Systems of Indicators
      • Definition
      • Description
      • Cross-References
      • References
    • Systems of Social Indicators for Germany
    • Systems Thinking

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