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标题:The Role of Irrigation in Endodontics
时间:2021-02-22 18:03:38
DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-19327-4_3
大小:1217 kb
页数:26 PAGES
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目录:
  • 3: The Role of Irrigation in Endodontics
    • 3.1 Introduction
    • 3.2 Irrigation Systems
    • 3.3 Operational Characteristics of the Irrigation Systems
      • 3.3.1 Syringe Irrigation
      • 3.3.2 Negative Pressure Irrigation
      • 3.3.3 Laser Activation
      • 3.3.4 Sonic Activation
      • 3.3.5 Ultrasonic Activation
    • 3.4 Clinical Procedures of Irrigant Activation Techniques
      • 3.4.1 Irrigation Activation Protocols
      • 3.4.2 Sonic Activation
      • 3.4.3 Ultrasonic Activation
      • 3.4.4 Laser Activation
    • 3.5 Flow Characteristics for Different Irrigation Systems
      • 3.5.1 Syringe Irrigation
      • 3.5.2 Negative Pressure Irrigation
      • 3.5.3 Intermezzo: Flow into Lateral Canals and Tubules
      • 3.5.4 Sonic and Ultrasonic Activation
        • 3.5.4.1 Acoustic Streaming
        • 3.5.4.2 Cavitation
      • 3.5.5 Laser-Activated Irrigation
    • 3.6 Chemical Effects Enhanced by the Irrigation Systems
    • 3.7 Effect of Irrigation on Root Canal Disinfection
      • 3.7.1 Interaction Between a Biofilm and the Flow Created by Sonic, Ultrasonic, or Laser Activation
      • 3.7.2 Interaction with Cavitation Bubbles Created by Ultrasonic or Laser Activation
    • 3.8 Effect of Irrigation on Endodontic Outcome
    • References

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