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标题:Cryotherapy of cardiac arrhythmia: From basic science to the bedside
时间:2021-01-14 11:02:44
DOI:10.1016/j.hrthm.2015.05.034
大小:7341 kb
页数:10 PAGES
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目录:
  • Cryotherapy of cardiac arrhythmia: From basic science to the bedside
    • Introduction
    • J-T effect
      • Mechanism of damage due to freezing
    • Direct cellular damage
    • Vascular failure
    • Immunological effects
    • Freeze/thaw cycle
    • Thaw rate
    • Repeated cycles
    • Cardiac circulatory effects
    • Unique phenomenon
    • Postablation healing
      • Effect on extracardiac structures
    • Esophagus
    • Respiratory structures
    • Blood vessels
    • Nerves
    • Summary
    • Uncited references
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

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