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标题:Pretreatment of lignocellulose: Formation of inhibitory by-products and strategies for minimizing their effects
时间:2020-10-18 21:45:47
DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2015.10.009
大小:1008 kb
页数:11 PAGES
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目录:
  • Pretreatment of lignocellulose: Formation of inhibitory by-productsand strategies for minimizing their effects
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Pretreatment
      • 2.1 Acid-based methods
      • 2.2 Hydrothermal processing
      • 2.3 Mild alkaline methods
      • 2.4 Oxidative methods
      • 2.5 Chemical pulping processes
      • 2.6 Ionic liquid/alternative solvent pretreatment
    • 3 Feedstocks composition and by-product formation
      • 3.1 Glucans
      • 3.2 Hemicelluloses
      • 3.3 Lignins and esterified phenols
      • 3.4 Extractives
      • 3.5 Inorganic components
      • 3.6 By-product formation
        • 3.6.1 Acidic conditions
        • 3.6.2 Alkaline conditions
        • 3.6.3 Oxidative conditions
    • 4 Inhibitory effects
      • 4.1 Inhibition of microorganisms
      • 4.2 Inhibition of cellulolytic enzymes
    • 5 Strategies to counteract inhibition problems
      • 5.1 Feedstock selection and engineering
      • 5.2 Detoxification/conditioning
      • 5.3 Bioabatement
      • 5.4 Culturing schemes
      • 5.5 Selection of microorganism
      • 5.6 Evolutionary engineering
      • 5.7 Genetic and metabolic engineering
    • 6 Conclusions
    • Acknowledgements
    • References

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