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标题:Different strategies of foam stabilization in the use of foam as a fracturing fluid
时间:2020-06-30 12:57:50
DOI:10.1016/j.cis.2020.102104
大小:3989 kb
页数:21 PAGES
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目录:
  • Different strategies of foam stabilization in the use of foam as a fracturing fluid
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Mechanisms governing foam aging
      • 2.1. Liquid drainage in aqueous foam
        • 2.1.1. Theories of foam drainage
        • 2.1.2. Macroscopic experiments on foam drainage
      • 2.2. Coarsening in aqueous foam
      • 2.3. Bubble coalescence in aqueous foam
    • 3. Strategies of foam stabilization
      • 3.1. Surfactant-stabilized foam
        • 3.1.1. Thermally-stable surfactants
          • 3.1.1.1. Effects of zwitterionic surfactants
          • 3.1.1.2. Effects of viscoelastic surfactants
          • 3.1.1.3. Role of gemini surfactants
        • 3.1.2. Synergistic effect of compound surfactants
          • 3.1.2.1. Improvement in gas/liquid interfacial properties
          • 3.1.2.2. Improvement in micellar structure
      • 3.2. Polymer-enhanced foam
        • 3.2.1. Mechanism
        • 3.2.2. Recent progress in polymer-enhanced foam
      • 3.3. Nanoparticle-stabilized foam
        • 3.3.1. Mechanisms of in-situ surface activation of NPs
        • 3.3.2. Synergistic effects of surfactants and nanoparticles
          • 3.3.2.1. High desorption energy
          • 3.3.2.2. Arrangement of NPs at bubble interface
    • 4. Molecular dynamic simulation of foam stability
      • 4.1. Simulation methods
      • 4.2. Research results of molecular simulation
        • 4.2.1. Interfacial properties
        • 4.2.2. Formation of micelles
    • 5. Conclusion
    • Declaration of Competing Interest
    • Acknowledgements
    • References

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