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标题:The epidemiology of Parkinson's disease: risk factors and prevention
时间:2020-06-30 12:05:24
DOI:10.1016/s1474-4422(16)30230-7
大小:576 kb
页数:17 PAGES
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目录:
  • The epidemiology of Parkinson’s disease: risk factors and prevention
    • Introduction
    • Descriptive epidemiology of Parkinson’s disease
    • Risk factors
      • Dairy products
      • Pesticides
      • Methamphetamine
      • Cancer
      • Traumatic brain injury
      • Body-mass index and diabetes
      • Blood cholesterol and hypertension
      • Alcohol
      • Postmenopausal hormones and reproductive factors
      • Vitamins and other micronutrients
      • Fat and other macronutrients
      • Other factors
    • Protective factors
      • Tobacco
      • Coffee and caffeine
      • Green and black tea
      • Urate
      • Physical activity
      • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
      • Calcium channel blockers
      • Statins
      • Flavonoids
      • Dietary patterns
    • Implications for preventing Parkinson’s disease and slowing its progression
    • Conclusions and future directions
    • References

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