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标题:Effects of long-term application of mineral and organic fertilizers on dynamics of nitrogen pools in the sandy soil of the Sahel region, Niger
时间:2020-03-26 23:23:43
DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2017.03.004
作者:Suzuki, Kanako;Matsunaga, Ryoichi;Hayashi, Keiichi
出版源: 《Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment》 ,242 :76-88
摘要:Our study on soil N dynamics was conducted in the rainy season of 2005 and 2006. It focused on the effects of soil managements with sole and combined applications of mineral and organic fertilizers in the long-term experiment conducted since 1993 in the Niamey Center of the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Niger. Treatments were established with each three input levels of chemical fertilizer as urea and SSP, pearl millet residue, and cattle manure. The lowest and highest levels were focused in our study. Treatments with 2700 kg ha−1 of applied crop residue showed high total N in the soil surface (< 30 cm), but did not show any change in the deeper layer (> 30 cm) or seasonal changes. Phosphate-buffer extractable organic nitrogen (PEON) as an indicator to estimate available N in the soil was not affected by the different treatments; however, similar seasonal changes were identified in all treatments. PEON in soil surface was high right before the rainy season began, then gradually decreased with increasing rainfall and remained at approx. 10 mg kg−1 until the end of the season. In deeper layer, leaching was identified after heavy rainfall but at least 5 mg kg−1 of PEON remained during the season. Inorganic N (NO3single bondN plus NH4single bondN) increased in the soil surface right after fertilizer application but its effect disappeared in a few weeks. The ‘Birch effect’ affected the fluctuations of PEON and inorganic N at the start of rains in the Sahel region of Niger.
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目录:
  • Effects of long-term application of mineral and organic fertilizers on dynamics of nitrogen pools in the sandy soil of the...
    • 1 Introduction
    • 2 Materials and methods
      • 2.1 Long-term experiment
      • 2.2 Treatments
      • 2.3 Focused treatments
      • 2.4 Field managements
      • 2.5 SPAD measurement
      • 2.6 Soil characteristics and soil sampling
      • 2.7 Soil analyses
      • 2.8 Statistical analysis
    • 3 Results
      • 3.1 Effects of different treatments on SPAD value
      • 3.2 Effects of each treatment on the seasonal changes of total N in the soil surface and vertical changes until 105cm depth
      • 3.3 Seasonal changes in PEON in 0–15cm depth during the rainy season
      • 3.4 Seasonal changes in the vertical distribution of PEON under each treatment
      • 3.5 Seasonal changes of inorganic N in the 0–15cm depth
      • 3.6 Seasonal changes of the vertical distribution in inorganic N under each treatment
    • 4 Discussion
      • 4.1 Change of N nutrient status of pearl millet and its effect on crop growth and yield
      • 4.2 Seasonal changes of available and inorganic N
      • 4.3 Importance of the increase of initial amounts of inorganic N (Birch effects) in the soil surface of the Sahel region
      • 4.4 Factors for the seasonal changes of PEON and inorganic N
      • 4.5 Importance of enhancing total N pool to enhance the available N amount
      • 4.6 How to enhance the total N pool in Sahelian sandy soil
    • 5 Conclusion
    • Acknowledgements
    • References

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