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标题:Developmental trajectories of peer victimization: off-line and online experiences during adolescence.
时间:2020-03-26 19:37:45
DOI:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.10.251
PMID:22626488
作者:Sindy R. Sumter;Susanne E. Baumgartner;Patti M. Valkenburg
关键词:Peer victimization; Bullying; Internet; Life satisfaction; Developmental trajectories; Age differences
出版源: 《Journal of Adolescent Health Official Publicat... ,50 (6)
摘要:PurposeThis study investigated the development and consequences of off-line and online victimization during adolescence. We examined the number and shapes of off-line and online victimization trajectories, the relationship between trajectories of off-line and online victimization, and their effect on life satisfaction.MethodsA four-wave panel study with 6-month time intervals was conducted among a representative sample of Dutch adolescents aged 12-17 years (N = 1,762). We used group-based modeling to investigate the victimization trajectories.ResultsThree off-line victimization trajectories could be distinguished. One group followed a trajectory of low to no victimization experiences across adolescence. A second group followed a pathway of moderate and decreasing victimization. A third group followed a pathway of high and decreasing victimization. Two groups in online victimization could be distinguished. One group followed a trajectory of low to no victimization experiences. A second group followed a pathway of moderate victimization that peaked at age 14. Dual-trajectory analyses revealed a substantial overlap between off-line and online victimization trajectories. Finally, victimization and life satisfaction were longitudinally related; moderate and high victimization trajectories resulted in lower levels of life satisfaction during wave 4.ConclusionsThe overlap between the off-line and online victimization trajectories and their negative consequences on life satisfaction suggests that prevention of victimization should focus on both types of victimization. The results suggest that peer victimization should not be studied without considering adolescent peer relationships on the Internet.
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目录:
  • Developmental Trajectories of Peer Victimization: Off-line and Online Experiences During Adolesc ...
    • Methods
      • Participants
      • Measures
        • Off-line and online peer victimization
        • Life satisfaction
      • Statistical analysis
    • Results
      • Off-line victimization trajectories
      • Online victimization trajectories
      • Dual trajectory model: joint online and off-line victimization trajectories
      • Outcome of victimization trajectories: life satisfaction
        • Off-line and online trajectory groups
        • Joint trajectory groups
    • Discussion
      • Off-line victimization trajectories
      • Online victimization trajectories
      • Joint online and off-line victimization trajectories
      • Life satisfaction and victimization trajectories
      • Limitations and suggestions for future research
    • References

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