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标题:The endophyte Serendipita indica reduces the sodium content of Arabidopsis plants exposed to salt stress: fungal ENA ATPases are expressed and regulated at high pH and during plant co-cultivation in salinity.
时间:2020-03-26 12:04:27
DOI:10.1111/1462-2920.14619
PMID:30945789
作者:Mónica;Lanza;Rosario
摘要:Serendipita indica (formerly Piriformospora indica) is an endophytic fungus that colonizes plant roots producing a beneficial effect on plant growth and development under optimal and suboptimal conditions provoked by any biotic or abiotic stress, such as salt stress. Salinity induces osmotic and ionic imbalances in plants, mainly by altering the Na<sup>+</sup> and K<sup>+</sup> contents. However, the mechanism by which Serendipita improves plant growth has yet to be elucidated. Previous works suggest that this fungus improves the plant osmotic state but not much is known about whether it participates in readjustment of the ionic imbalance in plants. Here, we report that co-cultivation with Serendipita reduces the Na<sup>+</sup> content of Arabidopsis plants under saline conditions. Additionally, we describe the functional characterization of the two Serendipita ENA ATPases, which are homologous to the main proteins involved in the salt tolerance of other fungi. Their heterologous expression in salt-sensitive yeast mutants shows that SiENA1 is involved in Na<sup>+</sup> and K<sup>+</sup> efflux, while SiENA5 seems to only be involved in Na<sup>+</sup> detoxification. Both are induced and might have a relevant function at alkaline pH, condition in which there are few chlamydospores in the mycelium, as well as during co-cultivation with plants exposed to saline conditions.
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页数:41 PAGES
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