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标题:Characterization of diabetes mellitus in Japanese prader-willi syndrome.
时间:2020-02-15 00:49:15
DOI:10.1297/cpe.20.33
PMID:23926392
作者:Tsuchiya, Takayoshi;Oto, Yuji;Ayabe, Tadayuki
关键词:Prader-Willi syndrome;diabetes mellitus
出版源: 《Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology Case Reports ... ,20 (2) :33-38
摘要:Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is frequently associated with marked obesity and diabetes mellitus (DM). Although the overall frequency of DM in PWS ranges from 7–20%, there is only limited data available on Japanese patients. This study evaluated five factors associated with DM in PWS: 1) frequency, 2) age of onset, 3) risk factors, 4) long-term complications and 5) treatment. Sixty-five patients, ranging in age from 10 to 53 yr, were studied retrospectively. The frequency of DM in patients over 10 yr of age was 26.2% (17/65 patients). The age of DM onset ranged from 10 to 29 yr with a median age of 15 yr. The body mass index (BMI) was significantly higher in the DM group in comparison with the non-DM group. The number of patients using growth hormone (GH) in the DM group was significantly lower than the number that did not. Proteinuria (urinary excretion of albumin/creatinine at spot collection: U-Alb/Cr ≥300 mg/gCr) was observed in 1/17 patients (5.9%), microalbuminuria (U-Alb/Cr 30–300 mg/gCr) was observed in 4/17 patients (23.5%) and nonproliferative retinopathy was observed in 2/17 patients (11.8%). Among oral hypoglycemic agents, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (α-GI) were most often used in our patients (10/17, 58.8%). Eleven out of 17 patients (64.7%) had been treated with insulin.
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