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标题:Microbial carbonate precipitation for the improvement of quality of recycled aggregates
时间:2020-02-14 23:32:00
DOI:10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.04.051
作者:Wang, Jianyun; Vandevyvere, Brecht; Vanhessche, Sam
出版源: 《Journal of Cleaner Production》 ,156 :355-366
摘要:High water absorption is the main drawback of recycled aggregates which greatly hinders the re-use of them in concrete production. In this study, bio-deposition treatment, based on bacterially induced CaCO3 precipitation, was applied to improve the quality of the recycled aggregates. Two representative recycled aggregates, recycled concrete aggregates (CA) and mixed aggregates (MA) were used. The bacterial CaCO3 precipitated on the surface and in the pores of the recycled aggregate worked as a barrier for the penetration of water, and hence the water absorption of the aggregates can be decreased. Firstly, the optimal treatment method was determined by screening among spraying and several immersion strategies. It was found that the two times immersion treatment was the best method. Samples subjected to this method had a high weight increase (2% for CA and 2.5% for MA) and largest extent of water absorption decrease (one percentage point drop for CA and two percentage points drop for MA). Furthermore, The biogenic CaCO3 had a good cohesion and strong bond with the aggregate surface. Very limited (< 0.1%) mass loss occurred on the bio-treated samples while the mass loss of the untreated aggregates was much higher (0.2% for CA and 0.5% for MA). This indicated that the surface of the aggregates was strengthened by the biogenic CaCO3 as well. After using the bio-treated aggregates, the compressive strength was increased by 40% for CA concrete and 16% for MA; the water absorption was decreased by 27% for CA concrete and 20% for MA concrete. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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目录:
  • Microbial carbonate precipitation for the improvement of quality of recycled aggregates
    • 1. Introduction
    • 2. Materials and methods
      • 2.1. Recycled aggregates
      • 2.2. Bacterial strain and cultivation
      • 2.3. Bio-deposition treatment on recycled aggregates
      • 2.4. Effect of bio-deposition treatment
        • 2.4.1. Weight increase
        • 2.4.2. Water absorption
        • 2.4.3. Resistance to ultrasonic pulse
        • 2.4.4. Effect on pore properties
        • 2.4.5. Resistance to fragmentation
        • 2.4.6. Characterization of the biogenic precipitation
      • 2.5. Concrete production
        • 2.5.1. Saturated water absorption
        • 2.5.2. Modulus of elasticity
        • 2.5.3. Compressive strength
    • 3. Results
      • 3.1. Efficiency of bio-deposition treatments
      • 3.2. Characterization of the precipitation
      • 3.3. Concrete properties
    • 4. Discussion
    • 5. Conclusions
    • Acknowledgements
    • References

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