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标题:Employers, the state and the politics of institutional change: Vocational education and training in Austria, Germany and Switzerland
时间:2020-02-14 18:17:20
DOI:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01909.x
作者:CHRISTINE TRAMPUSCH
关键词:Elections;Voting;Local economic conditions
出版源: 《European Journal of Political Research》 ,49 (4) :545-573
摘要:Abstract An in-depth comparison of Austria, Germany and Switzerland shows that the employers' constellation and the elites of the public education administration affect patterns of institutional change. If large firms are the dominant actors and collaborate with elites in the public education administration, institutional change follows a transformative pattern. If small and medium-sized firms are in a strong position and have the power to influence public elites according to their interests, self-preserving institutional change results. The article also shows that it is not so much trade unions as small and medium-sized firms that act as a brake on transformative change. The article adds to the literature of institutional change by arguing that specifying and explaining patterns of institutional change requires that sufficient scope be allowed for actors' creative handling of institutions. It also suggests that in order to differentiate between self-preserving and transformative change, one has to specify the important institutional dimensions that sustain an institution. The article combines Mill's method of agreement and difference.
大小:1312 kb
页数:30 PAGES
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