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标题:Effect of Forage Physical Form on Chewing Activity, Dry Matter Intake, and Rumen Function of Dairy Cows in Early Lactation
时间:2020-01-15 19:43:11
DOI:10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(88)79606-X
作者:Woodford, S.T.; Murphy, M.R.
关键词:piensos;aliment pour animaux;ganado de leche;vaca;milk yield;teneur en matiere seche;rendimiento lechero;masticacion;lactacion;bovin laitier
出版源: 《Journal of Dairy Science》 ,71 (3) :674-686
摘要:To examine the effects of reducing forage particle size on production, chewing, and digesta kinetic parameters in early lactation, 42 Holstein cows (9 ruminally cannulated) were assigned 14 d postpartum to one of three experimental diets with concentrate:alfalfa haylage:alfalfa pellets ratio of A) 60:40:0; B) 60:28:12; and C) 60:12:28 on a DM basis. The trial ran through the 12th wk postpartum, and measurements of chewing activity and rumen parameters were made during the 4th, 8th, and 12th wk postpartum. Dry matter intake (kg/d), milk production (kg/d), and milk fat percentage for diets A, B, and C were 23.1, 23.0, 18.8; 33.7, 35.5, 31.8; and 3.1, 2.9, 2.6, respectively. Rumen parameters and chewing activities were linearly related to haylage in the diet. Ruminal fluid dilution rate (%/h), volume (L), and outflow (L/d), rumination (min/d), total chewing (min/d), total chewing (min/kg DM intake), ruminal acetate (molar %), and NDF digestibility (%) were 16.6, 13.8, 10.0; 62, 58, 54; 243, 193, 137; 437, 367, 204; 649, 566, 376; 28.2, 24.1, 20.0; 58.6, 56.3, 53.8; and 32, 37, 23, respectively. These results suggest that dairy cattle in early lactation require a minimum amount of effective fiber to optimize production and intake. This requirement was met when 28%, but not 12%, of dietary DM was alfalfa haylage.
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