在线客服: 点击这里给我发消息  新用户使用步骤:会员注册→充值→重新登入→进入资源
标题:Cognitive Effects of Intentional Weight Loss in Elderly Obese Individuals With Mild Cognitive Impairment.
时间:2020-01-15 11:53:24
DOI:10.1210/jc.2015-2315
PMID:26713821
作者:Nidia Celeste Horie;Valeria T Serrao;Sharon Sanz Simon
出版源: 《Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism》 ,2015 ,101 (4) :jc20152315
摘要:ABSTRACT Context: Obesity in midlife is a risk factor for dementia, but it is unknown if caloric restriction-induced weight loss could prevent cognitive decline and therefore dementia in elderly patients with cognitive impairment. Objective: To evaluate the cognitive effect of intentional weight loss in obese elderly patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), considering the influence of age, apolipoprotein E genotype (APOE), physical activity, biochemical markers and diet. Design: Single-center, prospective controlled trial. Setting: Academic medical center Participants: Eighty obese patients with MCI, aged 60 or older (68.1±4.9 years, body mass index (BMI) 35.5±4.4kg/m(2), 83.7% women, 26.3% APOE4 carriers). Intervention: Random allocation to conventional medical care alone (n=40) or together with nutritional counselling (n=40) in group meetings aiming to promote weight loss through caloric restriction for 12 months. Outcome: Measurements: Clinical data, body composition, neuropsychological tests (main outcome), serum biomarkers, APOE genotype, physical performance, dietary recalls. Results: Seventy-five patients completed the follow-up. BMI, on average, decreased 1.7 ±1.8kg/m(2) (p=0.021), and most of the cognitive tests improved, without difference between the groups. In analysis with linear generalized models, the BMI decrease was associated with improvements in verbal memory, verbal fluency, executive function and global cognition, after adjustment for education, gender, physical activity and baseline tests: this association was strongest in younger seniors (for memory and fluency) and in APOE4 carriers (for executive function). Changes in HOMA-IR, C-reactive protein, leptin and intake of energy, carbohydrates and fats were associated with improvement in cognitive tests. Conclusions: Intentional weight loss through diet was associated with cognitive improvement in patients with MCI.
大小:819 kb
页数:11 PAGES
下载: 点击下载
预览:

浏览器不支持嵌入PDF阅读,打开新页面在线阅读

本页内容由网络收集而来,版权归原创者所有,如有侵权请及时联系