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标题:The Challenge of Controlling the COPD Epidemic: Unmet Needs.
时间:2020-01-14 22:03:02
DOI:10.1016/j.amjmed.2018.05.001
PMID:29778456
大小:276 kb
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目录:
  • The Challenge of Controlling the COPD Epidemic: Unmet Needs
    • INTRODUCTION
    • DEFINITION AND CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS
    • EPIDEMIOLOGY
    • AGE, SEX, ETHNICITY, EDUCATION, AND INCOME AS FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO COPD
    • THE COST OF COPD TO SOCIETY
    • EFFECTS ON THE INDIVIDUAL PATIENT
    • UNDERDIAGNOSIS AND MISMANAGEMENT AS A HEALTH CARE PROBLEM
    • THE PARADOXICAL DILEMMA OF A COPD DIAGNOSIS
    • Patients with Respiratory Symptoms but No Spirometric Obstruction
    • MANAGEMENT OF COPD: THE HEALTHY LIFESTYLE PARADIGM
    • GUIDELINES AND THEIR IMPLEMENTATION
    • CONCLUSION
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

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