在线客服: 点击这里给我发消息  新用户使用步骤:会员注册→充值→重新登入→进入资源
标题:Recycling of graphite anodes for the next generation of lithium ion batteries
时间:2019-12-03 18:48:15
DOI:10.1007/s10800-015-0914-0
作者:Moradi, Bahar; Botte, Gerardine G.
关键词:Lithium ion batteries;Graphite recycling;Surface modification;Solid electrolyte interface;Capacity fade;
出版源: 《Journal of Applied Electrochemistry》 ,46 (2) :123-148
摘要:Graphite is currently the state-of-the-art anode material for most of the commercial lithium ion batteries. Among different types of natural graphite, flake graphite has been recently recognized as one of the critical materials due to the predicted future market growth of lithium ion batteries for vehicular applications. Current status and future demand of flake graphite in the market are discussed. It was found that flake graphite could become a critical material in the near future for countries such as the United States and members of the European Union with no graphite production. Recycling of flake graphite from its different waste resources is proposed as a potential solution to meet the future demand of graphite. The current status of graphite anodes in the present recycling technologies of spent lithium ion batteries was reviewed. The limitation of current technologies and a new perspective towards the future concept of “battery recycling” were also pointed out. Challenges in recycling battery grade flake graphite from spent lithium ion batteries and possible research opportunities in this regard were introduced.
大小:3105 kb
页数:27 PAGES
下载: 点击下载
预览:

浏览器不支持嵌入PDF阅读,打开新页面在线阅读

目录:
  • Recycling of graphite anodes for the next generation of lithium ion batteries
    • Abstract
    • Graphical Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Battery grade graphite
      • Natural graphite
      • Synthetic graphite
      • Expandable graphite
    • Market analysis
    • Potential recycling sources
    • Recycling processes
      • Pyrometallurgical recycling or thermal treatment process
      • Hydrometallurgical recycling or chemical process
      • Direct physical recycling process
    • Challenges in recycling battery-grade graphite from spent LIBs
      • Economical justification
      • Purity
      • Aging mechanism
    • Potential solutions to aging mechanisms in graphite anodes
      • Surface modification of graphite anodes
      • Surface modification by deposition of metals and metal oxides
      • Opportunities and new directions
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
    • References

本页内容由网络收集而来,版权归原创者所有,如有侵权请及时联系