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标题:The Fantasy Questionnaire: A Measure to Assess Creative and Imaginative Fantasy.
时间:2019-11-18 17:33:30
DOI:10.1080/00223891.2017.1331913
PMID:28613951
作者:Weibel, David; Martarelli, Corinna S.; H?berli, Diego
出版源: Journal of Personality Assessment :1-13
摘要:This paper reports the construction and validation of a comprehensive self-report measure of fantasy. Unlike previous measures of fantasy, which focus on psychopathology, we conceive fantasy as a trait with positive connotation. Principal component analysis (N = 318) and confirmatory factor analyses (N = 345) were conducted using two sociodemographically diverse samples. The results provided support for a two-factor conceptualization of the construct, with the dimensions Imaginative Fantasy and Creative Fantasy. Imaginative Fantasy refers to vivid imagination and absorption in these images and daydreams. Creative Fantasy refers to the activity of using fantasy to create new ideas. The trait measure showed good internal consistency, test-retest reliability, discriminant and convergent construct validity, as well as incremental validity. Moreover, in three behavioral studies, we put fantasy scores in relationship with behavioral data in order to provide further proof of validity. A comprehensive measure of fantasy can contribute to our understanding of individual differences in inner experiences, creative processes, and problem solving.
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目录:
  • Abstract
  • Definition of fantasy
  • This research
  • Phase 1: Item selection and dimensionality
    • Method
      • Participants
      • Materials
      • Procedure
    • Results
      • Item analyses
      • Principal component analysis
    • Discussion
  • Phase 2: Replication of the factor structure
    • Method
      • Participants
      • Materials and analysis
    • Results and discussion
  • Phase 3: Normative data
    • Method
      • Participants
    • Results and discussion
  • Phase 4: Test-retest reliability
    • Method
      • Participants
      • Material
    • Results and discussion
  • Phase 5: Evidence of construct validity
    • Method
      • Participants
      • Materials
        • Fantasy Questionnaire
        • Big Five personality traits
        • Openness to fantasy
        • Empathy
        • Mental imagery
        • Sustaining fantasy
        • Hallucination
        • Depersonalization
        • Intuition
        • Absorption
        • Creative self-efficacy
      • Procedure
    • Results
      • Correlations
        • Big Five personality traits
        • Openness to fantasy
        • Empathy
        • Imagination
        • Sustaining fantasy
        • Hallucination
        • Depersonalization
        • Intuition
        • Absorption
        • Creative self-efficacy
    • Discussion
  • Phase 6: Behavioral data
    • Phase 6a: Validation of the Fantasy Questionnaire by using groups of artists and role players
      • Method
        • Participants
        • Materials
      • Results
        • Imaginative fantasy
        • Creative fantasy
      • Discussion
    • Phase 6b: Relationship between fantasy and creativity
      • Method
        • Participants
        • Materials
      • Results
      • Discussion
    • Phase 6c: Relationship between fantasy, sense of boredom, and absorption
      • Method
        • Participants
        • Procedure
        • Materials
      • Results
      • Discussion
  • General discussion
  • Limitations and future research
  • Acknowledgments
  • References

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