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标题:Idiopathic condylar resorption.
时间:2019-07-12 13:23:28
DOI:10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.02.016
PMID:29555141
大小:379 kb
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目录:
  • Idiopathic condylar resorption
    • Introduction
    • Aetiology
      • Hormonally-mediated theory
      • Avascular necrosis theory
      • Dysfunctional remodelling theory
    • Pathogenesis
      • Cytokines
      • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)
    • Predisposing factors48
      • Female sex
      • Young age
      • High-angle facial types
      • Class II skeletal and occlusal relations
    • Clinical features4,5,48
      • Bilateral condylar involvement
      • Unilateral condylar involvement
    • Imaging5,6,25,48,49
      • Lateral cephalograms5,6,25,48,49
      • Computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT
      • MRI4,5
      • Technetium-99 scans
    • Management4–6,25,48
      • Occlusal splint therapy
      • Wolford and Cardenas protocol48
      • Condylectomy with costochondral graft
      • Orthognathic surgery
      • Condylectomy and total prosthetic joint reconstruction
    • Timing of operation
    • Ethics statement/confirmation of patients’ permission
    • Conflict of interest
    • References

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