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标题:The chemistry of metal–organic frameworks for CO2 capture, regeneration and conversion
时间:2019-06-12 17:14:12
DOI:10.1038/natrevmats.2017.45
作者:Christopher A. Trickett;Aasif Helal;Bassem A. AlMaythalony;Zain H. Yamani;Kyle E. Cordova
出版源: Nature Reviews Materials ,2017 ,2 (8) :17045
摘要:Trickett CA, Helal A, Al-Maythalony BA, Yamani ZH, Cordova KE, Yaghi OM.  The chemistry of metal-organic frameworks for CO2 capture, regeneration and conversion. Nature Reviews Materials. 2017;2:17045...
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目录:
  • Abstract | The carbon dioxide challenge is one of the most pressing problems facing our planet. Each stage in the carbon cycle — capture, regeneration and conversion — has its own materials requirements. Recent work on metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) demo
  • Figure 1 | Chronology of key achievements made in the field of MOFs and CO2. Over the past two decades, significant discoveries have been made (and continue to be made) with respect to applying metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) to various components of the
  • Criteria for post-combustion CO2 capture
  • Figure 2 | Important structural design features of effective MOF adsorbents for selective CO2 capture. a | Coordinatively unsaturated metal sites, as exemplified by the secondary building unit in Mg‑MOF‑74. b | Covalently linked polar functionalities, su
  • Figure 3 | IRMOF‑74‑III with alkylamine functionality for the chemisorption of CO2 in the presence of water. The structure of Mg‑IRMOF‑74‑III or Mg2(DH3PhDC) is depicted in space-filling form. Lining the pore walls of Mg‑IRMOF‑74‑III is a covalently linke
  • CO2 capture from air and natural gas
  • Short-term CO2 storage and transport
  • CO2 regeneration
  • CO2 separation by MOF membranes
  • Figure 4 | Selectivity versus CO2 permeability compared to the Robeson upper bound curves for pure polymeric, mixed-matrix and pure MOF membranes. The relationship between the CO2/N2 gas pair selectivity and CO2 permeability is compared to the Robeson upp
  • Reduction and hydrogenation of CO2
  • Figure 5 | Strategies for improving photochemical CO2 reduction. Photochemical CO2 reduction performance can be improved by modification of the linker or the secondary building unit (SBU), or by introducing heterogeneity within ordered metal–organic frame
  • CO2 conversion for fine chemicals
  • Figure 6 | Electrocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO by a Co‑porphyrin-containing MOF. The challenges in designing an electrocatalytically active metal–organic framework (MOF) include the need for a water- and acid-stable material that operates with a low o
  • Figure 7 | Proposed mechanism for the catalytic cycloaddition of propylene oxide with CO2 by Hf‑NU‑1000 to form a cyclic carbonate. a,b | The catalytic nature of Hf‑NU‑1000 is based on its inorganic secondary building unit (SBU), in which an epoxide (tha
  • Table 1 | Achievements of MOFs applied to the different components of the CO2 cycle
  • Future perspectives

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