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标题:Computing SI and CCPP using spreadsheet programs
时间:2019-01-11 23:41:08
DOI:10.1002/j.1551-8833.1998.tb08471.x
作者:Holm, Thomas R.;Schock, Michael R.
出版源: Journal - American Water Works Association
摘要:Computing SI and CCPP using spreadsheet programsdoi:10.1002/j.1551-8833.1998.tb08471.xJournal - American Water Works AssociationHolm, Thomas R.Schock, Michael R.Thomas R. Holm,Michael R. Schock. Computing SI and CCPP using spreadsheet programs[J].Journal - American Water Works Association 1998,7(7)....
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  • 1990
    • January
      • January 1990 Cover
      • January 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Of Crystal Balls and Iron Resolutions
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - The Dilemma Facing State Drinking Water Programs
      • Theme Introduction - Organics
      • Planning and Analysis for Water Reuse Projects
      • GAC Adsorption and Infrared Reactivation: A Case Study
      • Evaluation of THM Precursor Contributions From Agricultural Drains
      • Effect of Particle Size and Background Natural Organics on the Adsorption Efficiency of PAC
      • Evaluating the Onda Mass Transfer Correlation for the Design of packed-Column Air Stripping
    • February
      • February 1990 Cover
      • February 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Eating Anchovies at the Opera
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Complying With the Surface Water Treatment and Total Coliform Rules
      • Theme Introduction - Complying With the New Regulations
        • See Letters-Letter #2-5/90-page 8
      • Complying With the New Drinking Water Quality Regulations
      • MCL Noncompliance: Is the Laboratory at Fault?
      • Standards for Mineral Content in Drinking Water
      • Removing Radium by Adding Preformed Hydrous Manganese Oxides
      • Technical Note: Adsorption Capacity of GAC for Synthetic Organics
    • March
      • March 1990 Cover
      • March 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Talking With a Turkey
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - Wilcher Seeks Shift to Pollution Prevention
      • Theme Introduction - Groundwater
      • Sherlock Holmes Meets Hardy-Cross or Model Calibration in Austin, Texas
        • See Letters-Letter #3-6/90-page 4
      • The Ohio River Oil Spill: A Case Study
      • Saving Costs With Reservoir Pumped-Water Interties
      • Organic Carbon and THM Formation potential in Kansas Groundwaters
      • Evaluating Layered Upflow Carbon Adsorption for the Removal of Trace Organic Contaminants
      • Radium-226 and Tritium in Public Well Supplies of the Greater Chicago Area
    • April
      • April 1990 Cover
      • April 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Of Pendulums and Windmills
      • Law & Water
      • Theme Introduction - Disinfection By-products
      • Minimizing Chlorite Ion and Chlorate Ion in Water Treated With Chlorine Dioxide
      • Household Oders Associated With the Use of Chlorine Dioxide
      • Chlorination By-products in Drinking Waters: From Formation Potentials to Finished Water Concentrations
      • "Comparing PEROXONE and Ozone for Controlling Taste and Odor Compounds, Disinfection By-products and Microorganisms"
      • Determining inorganic Disinfection By-products by ION Chromatography
    • May
      • May 1990 Cover
      • May 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - The Confused, The Frustrated, and The Oblivious"
      • Viewpoint - Integrating Water Conservation Into Total Water Management
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - Positive and Proactive
      • Theme Introduction - Conservation is Hot
      • Reducing Water Demand During Drought Years
      • Conservation in the Arabian Gulf Countries
      • Water-use Efficiency Standards for Plumbing Fixtures: Benefits of National Legislation
      • Operating the Seattle Water System During the 1987 Drought
      • Evaluating Ion Exchange for Removing Radium From Groundwater
      • Measuring Aluminum During Water Treatment; Methodology and Application
      • Evaluating Oxidants for the Removal of Model Taste and Odor Compounds From a Municipal Water Supply
    • June
      • June 1990 Cover
      • June 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Water-What a Dry Subject!
      • Viewpoint - Interesting Times
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Small Systems: Help Coalescing
      • Theme Introduction - Small Systems
      • Slow Sand Filtration in Small Systems in Oregon
      • Capability and Cost of Treatment Technologies for Small Systems
      • "Slow Sand Filtration: Design, Operation and Maintenance"
      • Removing and Disposing of Radium From Well Water
      • Evaluating Alternative Disinfectants for THM Control in Small Systems
      • Evaluation of Treatment for Removing Giardia Cysts
    • July
      • July 1990 Cover
      • July 1990 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - A Nice Safe Place to Work
      • Viewpoint - Who Reads a Water Quality Report?
      • Law and Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Surface Water Treatment Regulations
      • Theme Introduction - Distribution Systems
      • Management & Operations - Accuracy of Hydrant Test Using a Pilot Diffuser
      • Transient Analysis of Water Distributions Systems
        • See Letters-Letter #3-9/90-page 4
      • Suggested Methods for Calculating and Interpreting Calcium Carbonate Saturation Indexes
      • Measurement of Biodegradable Organic Matter and Bacterila Growth Potential in Drinking Water
        • See Letters-Letter #1-9/90-page 4
      • Disinfecting Biofilms in a Model Distributions System
    • August
      • August 1990 Cover
      • August 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A Peek at a Proud Past
      • Legislation/Regulation - New Regulations for Total Coliforms
      • Law and Water
      • Theme Intro - Construction
      • Management & Operations - Dam Renovation: From Investigation to Repair
      • Measuring the Productivity of Construction Maintenance Operations
      • Operator Evaluation of Small Systems
      • Measuring and Modeling Variations in Distribution System Water Quality
      • Flocculation in Turbulent Flow: Measurement and Modeling of Particle Size Distributions
      • The Influence of Ozonated Natural Organic Matter on the Biodegradation of a Micropollutant in a GAC Bed
    • September
      • September 1990 Cover
      • September 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - Right Dilemma, Wrong Balloon"
      • Law and Water
      • Theme Introduction - Analytical Methods
      • Management & Operations - The Potential for Expert Systems in Water Utility Operation and Management
      • Research & Technology - A Simple Membrane Filter Method to Concentrate and Enumerate Male-Specific RNA Coliphages
      • Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: An Emerging Technology for Nonvolatile Compounds
      • Pyrolysis-GC-MS for Investigating High-Molecular-Weight THM Precursors and Other Refractory Organics
      • Comparison of the Zinc Sulfate and Immunofluorescence Techniques for Detecting Giardia and Cryptosporidium
      • Assessing Defined-Sustrate Technology for Meeting Monitoring Requirements of the Total Coliform Rule
        • See Letters-Letter #1-1/91-page 4
        • See Letters-8/91-page 5
    • October
      • October 1990 Cover
      • October 1990 Table of Contents
      • Letters to the Editor
      • Reflections - Images: Public and Self
      • Legislation/Regulation - Toxicology and Drinking Water Regulations
      • Law and Water
      • Round Table - Additives
      • Theme Introduction - Toxicology
        • See Letters-Letter #2-4/91-page 4
      • Management & Operations - Assessing Toxicity of Drinking Water Contaminants: An Overview
      • The Role of Short-Term Test in Evaluating Health Effects Associated With Drinking Water
      • Cancer Risk Assessment: Importance of Identifying Mechanisms of Action
      • Research & Technology - Comparative Subchronic Toxicity Studies of Three Disinfectants
      • Removing Aquatic Organic Substances by Anion Exchanges Resins
      • Assessing Ozonation Research Needs in Water Treatment
    • November
      • November 1990 Cover
      • November 1990 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - Viewpoint of a Flying Philosopher
      • Legislation & Regulation - Federal Laws Protecting Wetlands
      • Viewpoint - A State View of Consumer Education
      • Law and Water
      • Roundtable - Wetlands
        • See Letters-Letter #1-7/91-page 8
      • Theme Introduction - Risk Communication
      • Risk Communication in Los Angeles: A Case Study
      • Developing a Risk Communication Strategy
      • Risk Feedback: An Important Step in Risk Communication
      • The Effects of Temperature on Turbulent Flocculation: Fluid Dynamics and Chemistry
      • Coliform Regrowth in Drinking Water: A Review
      • Contaminants in Polyelectrolytes Used in Water Treatment
    • December
      • December 1990 Cover
      • December 1990 Table of Contents
      • "Reflections - God Bless You, Water Cronkite"
      • Legislation/Regulation - Are Water Treatment Plant Wastes Hazardous?
      • Law and Water
      • Roundtable - Operator Certification
      • Theme Introduction - Filtration: The Old and the New
      • Management & Operations - Caracterizing Surface Waters That May Not Require Filtration
      • Evaluating the Performance of Slow Sand Filters in Northern Idaho
      • Research & Technology - Analyzing Biofilm Processes Used in Biological Filtration
      • Diatomaceous Earth Filtration of Cysts and Other Particulates Using Chemical Additives
      • Coagulation Pretreatment for Ultrafiltration of a Surface Water
      • "Ultrafiltration of Lake Water: Effect of Pretreatment on the Partitioning of Organics, THMFP, and Flux"
      • Performance and Analysis of Tracer Test to Determine Compliance of a Disinfection Scheme with the SWTR
      • 1990 Subject Index
  • 1991
    • January
      • January 1991 Cover
      • January 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Are You Enjoying Life?
      • Legislation/Regulation - Regulatory Status Report
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Environmentalism in the Water Industry
      • Theme Introduction - Activated Carbon
      • Evaluating GAC for Trihalomethane Control
      • Evaluating the Costs of Packed-Tower Aeration and GAC for Controlling Selected Organics
      • Conference Summary: Practical Aspects of the Design and Use of GAC
      • Using Powdered Activated Carbon: A Critical Review
      • Predicting GAC Performance With Rapid Small-Scale Column Tests
    • February
      • February 1991 Cover
      • February 1991 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - The Turning Point
      • Legislation/Regulation - SDWA Reauthorization
      • Viewpoint - Give the Customers What They Want
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - Office of Water Reorganization
      • Theme Introduction - Computers in the Water Industry
      • "Network Analysis From Planning, Engineering, Operations and Management Perspectives"
      • Expert Systems in Water treatment Plant Operation
      • Hardware Used for Analyzing Water Distribution Systems in Ohio
      • Effect of Natural Organic Matter on Biodegradation of a Recalcitrant Synthetic Organic Chemical
      • Microbial Activity in GAC Filters at the Choisy-le-Roi Treatment Plant
      • Accumulation and Adsorption Capacity of PAC in a Slury Recirculating Clarifier
    • March
      • March 1991 Cover
      • March 1991 Table of contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Irish Guilt in Moderation
      • Legislation/Regulation - Federal Groundwater Laws
      • Viewpoint - Best Available Source
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Solving Water Rights Conflicts
      • Theme Introduction - Water Resources
      • Assessing the Reliability of Urban Reservoir Supplies
      • The Impact of the Surface Water Treatment Rule on Groundwater
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/91-page 10
      • Is Remediated Groundwater Meeting SDWA Requirements?
      • Variations in Organic and Organoleptic Water Quality During Treatment of Artificially Recharged Groundwater
      • The Impact of Ozonation on Particle Stability and the Removal of TOC and THM Precursors
      • Waterborne Viruses Associated With Hepatitis Outbreak
      • Trihalomethane Formation in open Resevoirs
    • April
      • April 1991 Cover
      • April 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - Cicero, Where Are You, Cicero?"
      • Legislation/Regulation - The New Radionuclide Regulations - A Preview
      • Law & Water
      • Theme Introductions - Radionuclides
      • Agronomic Effects of Land Application of Water Treatment Sludges
      • Student Water use
      • Radioactivity in water Treatment Wastes: A USEPA Perspective
      • Evaluating Aeration Technology for Radon Removal
      • Measuring Low Radon Levels in Drinking Water Supplies
      • Radon in Homes Following Its Reduction in a Community Water Supply
    • May
      • May 1991 Cover
      • May 1991 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - Dreadful Fears, dreadful Performances
      • Legislation/Regulation - Coliform Rule Compliance
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - Envisioning the 21st Century
      • Theme Introduction - Disinfection and Its By-products
      • Applying Ozone for Organic Control and Disinfection: A Utility Perspective
      • Survey of Ozone Installation in North America
      • The Effect of Sulfur-Based Reducing Agents and GAC Filtration on Chlorine Dioxide By-products
        • See Letters-Letter #2-8/91-page 8
      • Using Reducing Agents to Eliminate Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorite Ion Residuals in Drinking Water
        • See Letters-Letter #2-8/91-page 8
      • THM Formation by the Transfer of Active Chlorine From Monochloramine to Phloroacetophenone
      • Bromoform and Idoform Formation potential Tests as Surrogates for THM Formation Potential
        • See Letters-Letter #1-9/91-page 10
      • Comparing Ozonation and Membrane Separation for Color Removal and Disinfection By-product Control
      • Investigating the Mechanism of Inactivation of Escherichia coli B.by Monochloramine
    • June
      • June 1991 Cover
      • June 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Water for People
      • Legislation/Regulation - Clean Water Act Reauthorization
      • Face To Face - The European Community
      • Law & Water
      • Theme Introduction - International Water Issues
      • European Drinking Water Standards
      • Main Features of Large Water Treatment Plants in Japan
      • Reselling and Vending Water
      • Assessing Perlite as a Sand Substitute in Filtration
      • Reverse Osmosis Applications in Saudi Arabia
      • Kinetics of Manganese and iron Oxidation by Potassium permanganate and Chlorine Dioxide
      • Evaluating the Performance of Two Plastic Packings in a Crossflow Aeration Tower
      • A Mechanisitic Study of Ozone-Induced particle Destabilization
    • July
      • July 1991 Cover
      • July 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Soll Unvala: Serendipitou Symbol
      • Legislation/Regulation - The New Lead and Copper Rule
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Infrastructure and Financing
      • Theme Introduction - Distribution Systems
      • Calibrating Hydraulic Analysis of Distribution Systems Using Fluoride Tracer Studies
      • Locating Monitoring Stations in Water Distribution Systems
      • Field-Testing Distribution Water Quality Models
      • Potential Effects of Polyphosphate Products on Lead Solubility in Plumbing Systems
        • See Letters-Letter #2-12/91-page 10
      • Galvanic Stimulation of Corrosion on Lead-Tin Solder-Sweated Joints
      • Analyzing the Permeation of Organic Chemicals Through Plastic Pipes
      • Correlation of Coliform Growth Response With Other Water Quality Parameters
      • Association of Microorganisms With Surfaces in Distribution Systems
    • August
      • August 1991 Cover
      • August 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - If the Shoe Hurts, Maybe It Fits
      • Legislation/Regulation - Phase II Organic and Inorganic Contaminant Regulations
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Implementing the Lead Rule
      • Theme Introduction - Capital Financing
      • Effective Revenue Bond Marketing - Put your Best Foot Forward
        • See Letters-Letters #2-11/91-page 8
      • Reliability Analysis for Master planning of a Water System
      • Financing Capital Improvements
      • Contamination of Potable Water by Permeation of Plastic Pipe
        • See Letters-Letter #2-2/92-page 4
        • See also Letters-Letter #1-4/92-page 4
      • Effect of Initial Concentration of a SOC in Natural Water on Its Adsorption by Activated Carbon
        • See Letters-Letter #1-11/91-page 8
      • Removal of Soluble Manganese by Oxide-coated Filter Media: Sorption Rate and Removal Mechanism Issues
      • Using Cobalt-Ultraviolet Spectrophotometry to Measure Hydrogen Peroxide Concentration in Organically Laden Groundwaters
      • Review of Effects of Silver-Impregnated Carbon Filters on Microbial Water Quality
        • See Letters-Letter #1-3/92-page 4
    • September
      • September 1991 Cover
      • September 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - Quo Vadis, AWWA?"
      • Legislation/Regulation - Standardized Compliance Monitoring
      • The Federal Drinking Water Program: Friend or Foe?
        • See Letters-Letter #1-1/92-page 4
      • Law & Water
      • Theme Introduction - Emerging Technologies
      • Mechanical Dewater of Alum Solids and Acidified Solids: An Evaluation
      • Laboratory Comparison of DAF With Conventional Treatment
      • Evaluating Modifications to Slow Sand Filters
      • Application of Gene Probe Technology to the Water Industry
      • "The Haberer Process: Combinig Contact Flocculation, Filtration and PAC Adsorption"
      • Pilot Testing the Haberer Process in the United States
      • Low-Pressure Membrane Filtration for Removing Giardia and Microbial Indicators
      • Remote Biological Monitoring in an Open Finished-Water Reservoir
    • October
      • October 1991 Cover
      • October 1991 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - Blunt Q's, Straight A's
      • Legislation/Regulation - Conservation Legislation
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Conservation: An Expanding View
      • Theme Introduction - Conservation
      • The Emerging Demand-Side Era in Water Management
      • Integrating Conservation and Water Master Planning
      • Estimating the Effects of Conservation on Deamand During Droughts
      • California Industries Cut Water Use
      • Predicting the Formation of DBPs by the Simulated Distribution System
      • Permeation of Polybutylene Pipe and Gasket Material by Organic Chemicals
      • Sensitivity of the Asiatic Clam to Various Biocidal Control Agents
      • Effectiveness of Natural Polyelectrolytes in Water Treatment
    • November
      • November 1991 Cover
      • November 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A Frightful Fragility
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Fluoride regulation and Water Fluoridation
      • Roundtable - Public Relations Versus public Involvement
      • Theme Introduction - Health Effects
      • Lessons Learned From the loma Prieta Earthquake
        • See Letters-Letter #1-2/92-page 4
      • Prevention of Waterborne Cholera in the United States
      • Giardiasis Risk From an Unfiltered, Protected Surface Water Source
      • Process Selection for Potable Reuse Health Effects Studies
      • Inactivation of Cell-Associated and Dispersed Hepatitis A Virus in Water
      • Comparative Subchronic Toxicity of Chlorine and Monochloramine in the B6C3F1 Mouse
      • Modeling the risk From Giardia and Viruses in Drinking Water
      • The Effects of Soils on the Permeation of Plastic Pipes by Organic Chemicals
    • December
      • December 1991 Cover
      • December 1991 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A New Breed of Manager
      • Legislation/Regulation - Disinfectant-Disinfection By-product Rule Update
      • Law & Water
      • Theme Introduction - Precursor Removal
      • Effective Watershed Management for Surface Water Supplies
      • Using Regression Analysis to Project Pumpage
      • A Pilot-Scale Study of Alum Sludge Dewatering in a Freezing Bed
      • Pilot Study on Treatment of Surface Water for Groundwater Injection
      • Using Anion Exchange Resins to Remove THM Precursors
      • Formation and Removal of Assimilable Organic Carbon During Biological Treatment
      • Predicting and Verifying Organics Removal by PAC in an Ultrafiltration System
      • Controlling Adult Zebra Mussels with Oxidants
      • 1991 Index
  • 1992
    • January
      • January 1992 Cover
      • January 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-A Four-Alarm Primacy Fire
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Congress debates lead legislation
      • Roundtable-Will states keep primacy
      • Theme intro-Membrane processes show promise
      • Convincing the public that drinking water is safe
      • Making Automated Systems Successful: How to Win the Hearts of Organizational Skeptics
      • Creating a High-Performance Utility: The Link Between Culture and Organizational Health
      • Committee report: membrane processes in potable water treatment
      • SOC removal in a membrane softening process
      • Removing Color From a Groundwater Source
      • Mass Transport Considerations for Pressure-Driven Membrane Processes
      • Selective Alum recovery from clarifier sludge
    • February
      • February 1992 Cover
      • February 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-In Memory of Arch Becher
      • Viewpoint - Soviet, US Water Supply Problems Stem From Similar Causes
      • Legislation/Regulation-USEPA Implements Stormwater Regulations
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - Controlling Microbes Versus Disinfection By-products
        • See Letters-Letter #1-11/92-page 4
      • Theme intro-Customer Service Goes High Tech
        • See Letters-Letter #3-6/92-page 4
      • Expert Systems Show Promise for Customer Inquiries
      • Voice Mail for the '90's: A Case Study
      • Performance Chart Increases Crew Productivity
      • Assimilable Organic Carbon as an Indicator of Bacterial Regrowth
      • Effects of particle Detachment in Granular-Media Filtration
      • Iron and Manganese sequestration Facilities Using Sodium Silicate
      • Evaluating GAC Adsorbers for the Removal of PCBs and Toxaphene
      • Removing Lead From Drinking Water With a Point-of-Use GAC Fixed-Bed Adsorber
    • March
      • March 1992 Cover
      • March 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Writing Capitol [sic] Letters
      • Law & Water
      • Roundtable - Will Chlorination Exist In 2000
      • Legislation/Regulation - How Federal Drinking Water Regulations Are Developed
      • Theme Introduction - politics of Preserving Primacy
      • A Current Look at the Federal Drinking Water Regulations
      • Estimating the Cost of Compliance With the Drinking Water Standard for Radon
        • See Letters-Letter #1-8/92-page 4
        • See also Letter #1-9/92-page 4
      • Presence-Absence Coliform Monitoring Has Statistical Limitations
      • National Survey of Drinking Water Standards and Guidelines for Chemical Contaminants
      • Cancer Risk From Radon
      • Carbon Regeneration: Dependence on Time and Temperature
      • Flocculation and Air Requirements for DissolvedAir Flotation
      • Selecting Batch Studies for Adsorber Design: Molecular Oxygen's Role
    • April
      • April 1992 Cover
      • April 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A New Path for an Old Mule
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Defining Best Available Technology
      • Theme Introduction - Biological Treatment
      • Canada's Cooperative Approach to Drinking Water Regulation
      • Outbreaks of Waterborne Disease in the United States: 1989-90
      • Evaluating the Performance of Biologically Active Rapid Filters
      • The Effects of Fluctuations in Biodegradable Organic Matter on Nitrification Filters
      • Removing Trace-Level Organic Pollutants in a Biological Filter
      • From Conventional to Biological Removal of Iron and Manganese in France
    • May
      • May 1992 Cover
      • May 1992 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - Making Choices in AWWA
      • Viewpoint - Slow Sand: Timeless Technology for Modern Applications
      • Law &Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Variances and Exemptions for Small Systems
      • Roundtable - Supporting Small Systems
      • Theme Introduction - Strengthening Small Systems
      • Small Water Systems at a Crossroads
      • Safe Drinking Water From Small Systems: Treatment Options
      • Volunteers Integral to Small Systems
      • Using Inclined Cascade Aeration to Strip Chlorinated VOCs From Drinking Water
      • Pilot Testing a Limestone Contractor in British Columbia
      • Removing Natural Organic Matter by Conventional Slow Sand Filtration
      • Evaluating a Comercially Available Defined-Substrate Test for Recovery of E. coli
      • Comparing Substrate Coliform Tests for the Detection of Escherichia coli in Water
      • Evaluating the Removal of Color From Water Using Direct Filtration and Dual Coagulants
    • June
      • June 1992 Cover
      • June 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Getting Ready for Bad Weather
      • "Viewpoint - Creativity, Flexibility Required in Response to Changes in the Workforce"
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - OSHA - Our Savior Has Arrived
      • Face To Face - Facing the Future
      • Theme Introduction - Celebrating Diversity
        • See Letters-Letter #2-9/92-page 4
      • Workforce 2000: Coming Soon to Your Workplace
      • Water Utilities Prepare for Workforce 2000
      • Workforce Literacy in the Water Utility Industry
      • Accommodating the Biological Clock of Shift Workers
      • Transformation of NOM by Ozone and its Effect on Iron and Aluminum Solubility
      • Molecular Size Distributions of Dissolved Organic Matter
      • Comparing Plant-Scale Dual- and Mixed-Media Filters
      • Tastes and Odors Associated With Chlorine Dioxide
      • Assessing the Quality of Flavor profile Analysis Data
    • July
      • July 1992 Cover
      • July 1992 Table of Contents
      • Reflections
      • Viewpoint
        • See Letters-Letter #1-10/92-page 4
      • Legislation/Regulation
      • Roundtable
      • Law & Water
      • Theme intro-Computer Magic
      • Animation and Visualization of Water Quality in Distribution Systems
      • Proper Meter Sizing for Increased Accountability and Revenue
      • Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission Implements GIS
      • Computer Control of Operations at a Large Distribution System
      • Developing and Utilizing Data Bases for Water Main Rehabilitation
      • Comparing Chlorination and Chloramination for Controlling Bacterial Regrowth
      • Procedure for Preserving Lead in Drinking Water Samples
      • Permeation of Organic Contaminants Through Gasketed Pipe Joints
      • Evaluating a New Granular Iron Oxide for Removing Lead From Drinking Water
    • August
      • August 1992 Cover
      • August 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A Good Argument is Not a Fight
      • Viewpoint - Quality is Defined By the Customer
      • Law & Water
      • Face To Face - The politics of Water Supply
      • Legislation/Regulation - New Regs Set for Phase V Contaminants
      • Theme Introduction - Designing Treatment Facilities
      • Compact Treatment Plant Layout
      • Integrated pilot Testing Pays Off
      • Intake Modeling Yields Significant Savings
        • See Letters-Letter #3-11/92-page 4
      • Estimating Costs for Treatment Plant Construction
      • Effect of Preozonation on Coagulant-NOM Interactions
      • Effect of Calcium on Thermal Regeneration of GAC
      • Effects of Background dissolved Organic Matter on TCE Adsorption by GAC
      • Cucumber Flavor in Philadelphia's Drinking Water
      • Effect of Molecular Oxygen on the Scaleup of GAC Adsorbers
    • September
      • September 1992 Cover
      • September 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - The Joy of Letters - and Answering Them
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - USEPA Releases Draft Ground Water Disinfection Rule
      • Theme Introduction - Groundwater
      • Avoiding Litigation and Preserving Public Confidence Through Compliance Auditing
      • What Will Water Rates Be Like in the 1990's?
      • Use of EJCDC Documents Reduces Conflicts
        • See Letters-Letter #2-1/93-page 4
      • Characterizing the Influence of Surface Water on Water Produced By Collector Wells
      • Nitrate Contamination of Groundwater Sources and Potential Health Effects
      • Removal of Atrazine From Drinking Water by Ozonation
      • Assessing Sulfur Turbidity Formation Following Chlorination of Hydrogen Sulfide in Groundwater
      • Using Isotherms to Predict GAC's Capacity for Synthetic Organics
      • Survey of Water Utility Disinfection Practices
    • October
      • October 1992 Cover
      • October 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - We Don't Know Enough About Anything
      • Law & Water
      • "Legislation/Regulation - USEPA's Proposed Radon MCL: Too High, Too Low Or Just Right?"
      • Roundtable
      • Theme Introduction - Conservation 1990s Style
      • Urban Drought Response in South California: 1990-91
      • Creating Economic Incentives for Conservation
        • See Letters-Letter #1-5/93-page 4
      • Developing a Long-Term Drought Plan for Phoenix
      • Water Demand Monitoring in Austin, Texas
        • See Letters-Letter #1-1/93-page 4
      • Water Audit Encourages Residents to Reduce Consumption
      • Nonresidential Water Conservation: A Good Investment
      • Potential Impact of Water-Efficient plumbing Fixtures on Office Water Consumption
      • The (Relative) Insignificance of G in Flocculation
      • Laboratory Evaluation of the Leaching of Organics From Fabric Material
    • November
      • November 1992 Cover
      • November 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
        • See Letters-Letter #1-2/93-page 4
      • Reflections - Max Talks to the Public
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - 'Reg Neg' Considered for D-DBP Rule
      • Roundtable
      • Theme Introduction - Trade-offs Key to D-DBP Rule
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/93-page 4
      • How Strategic Is Your Planning?
      • Optimizing Belt Filter Press Dewaterizing at the Skinner Filtration Plant
      • Disinfection By-product Formation and Control by Ozonation and Biotreatment
      • Removing Chlorite by the Addition of Ferrous Iron
      • Combining Methods for the Reduction of Oxychlorine Residuals in Drinking Water
      • Developing a Computer Model to Simulate DBP Formation During Water Treatment
      • Using Ion Chromatography to Analyze Inorganic Disinfection By-products
      • Comparison of the Microextraction Procedure and Method 552 for the Analysis of HAAs and Chlorophenols
      • Technical Note: Comparing Predicted and Observed Concentrations of DBPs
    • December
      • December 1992 Cover
      • December 1992 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Reflections on Water
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Proposed Sulfate MCL Reconsidered
      • Theme Introduction - Filtration: From Bacon to Blau
      • An Analysis of Low-Level Turbidity Measurements
      • Selecting Particle Counters for Process monitoring
      • Examining Relationships Between Particle Counts and Giardia, Crytosporidium and Turbidity
        • See Letters-Letter #1-3/93-page 4
      • Contact Filtration: Particle Size and Ripening
      • Pilot Study of the Effects of Ozone and PEROXONE on In-line Direct Filtration
      • How Preoxidation Affects particle Removal During Clarification and Filtration
      • MF-PAC for Treating Waters Contaminated With Natural and Synthetic Organics
      • DBP Control by Nanofiltration: Cost and Performance
      • 1992 Index
  • 1993
    • January
      • January 1993 Cover
      • January 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Of Time and the Future
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Influencing Regulations Through Litigation
      • Theme Introductions - Bromated DBPs
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/93-page 4
      • Supplying Water and Treating Sewage in Kiev After the Chernobyl Accident
      • Seasonal Variations of THMs in Saudi Arabian Drinking Water
      • Measurement of THM and Precursor Concentrations Revisited: The Effect of Bromide Ion
      • Factors Affecting DBP Formation During Ozone-Bromide Reactions
      • Formation and Control of Bromate During Ozonation of Waters Containing Bromide
      • Effect of Bromide Ion on Formation of HAAs During Chlorination
      • Effect of Separation Processes on the Formation of Brominated THMs
      • Evaluating the Formation of Brominated DBPs During Ozonation
    • February
      • February 1993 Cover
      • February 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Needed: Water Logic?
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - SDWA: A Look Back
      • Roundtable - Communicating With the Public About Radon Risk
      • Theme Introduction - Regulatory Update
      • Federal Drinking Water Regulation Update
      • Implementation Status of Oregon's Safe Drinking Water Act
      • Monitoring and Control Experience Under the Lead and Copper Rule
      • D-DBP Regulation: Issues and Ramifications
      • Identifying Escherichia Species With Biochemical Test Kits and Standard Bacteriological Tests
      • Determining Beryllium in Drinking Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Adsorption Spectroscopy
      • Optimizing Chloramine Disinfection for the Control of Nitrification
      • Discussion: Pilot Testing a Limestone Contractor in British Columbia
    • March
      • March 1993 Cover
      • March 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - On Race, Gender and the Road to Hell"
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - SDWA: Speculating on the Future
      • Roundtable - Protecting the Public Health
      • Theme Introduction - Drinking Water and Health: Balancing Risks
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/93-page 4
      • Using a Conceptual Framework for Assessing Risks to Health From Microbes in Drinking Water
      • Incorporating Biologically Based Models Into Assessments of Risk From Chemical Contaminants
      • DeterminingHealth Risks Associated With Disinfectants and Disinfection By-products: Research News
      • Chemicals Versus Microbials in Drinking Water: A Decision Sciences Perspective
      • Research Agenda for Inorganic Compounds
      • Improving the Disinfection Detention Time of a Water Plant Clearwell
      • Effect of Calcium in Field-Spent GACs on Pore Development During Regeneration
      • Modeling Hydrodynamics and Ozone Residual Distribution in a Pilot-Scale Ozone Bubble-Diffuser Contactor
    • April
      • April 1993 Cover
      • April 1993 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - A Big Water Bang Theory
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Nitrate and Cancer: Is There a Link?
      • Theme Introduction - Nitrate Removal
      • Emerging Standards For Water Utility Computerization
      • Computer Applications in the Water Industry
      • The Creative Organization
      • Ion Exchange for Nitrate Removal
      • Removing Nitrate with a Methylotrophic Fluidized Bed: Technology and Operating Performance
      • Removing Nitrate with a Methylotrophic Fluidized Bed: Microbiological water quality
    • May
      • May 1993 Cover
      • May 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections - Change, Pain and Section Progress"
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Involving the Public in Developing Regulations
      • Roundtable - Caring for Watersheds
      • Theme Introduction - Biological Treatment: A Partner for Ozone?
      • Investigation of the Regent Street Water Tower Collapse
      • A Knowledge-Based Energy Management System for the Municipal Water Industry
      • Trends in Water Pricing: Results of Ernst & Young's National Rate Surveys
      • Testing Biologically Active Filters for Removing Aldehydes Formed During Ozonation
      • Formation and Removal of Aldehydes in Plants That Use Ozonation
      • Effect of Ozone Dosage and Subsequent Biodegradation ofn Removal of DBP Precursors
      • Testing a Coke Biofilter for the Pretreatment of Polluted Surface Water in Taiwan
      • Testing Reinforced Concrete Structures for Watertightness
      • Committee Report: Research Needs for Inorganic Contaminants
    • June
      • June 1993 Cover
        • See Letters-Letter #2-9/93-page 4
      • June 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - A Quality Conversation
      • Viewpoint
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Tapping USEPA's Integrated Risk Information System
      • Face To Face - On Quality, Public Involvement and Listening
      • Theme Introduction - Small Systems Need Creative Approach
        • See Letters-Letter #2-10/93-page 4
      • A Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak in a Filtered-Water Supply
      • How Will Small Water Systems Finance SDWA Compliance?
      • Financing Assistance Available for Small Public Water Systems
      • Developing Models for Assessing the Financial Health of Small and Medium-Sized Water utilities
      • Ion exchange: A Cost-Effective Alternative for Reducing Radium
      • Composite Correction Program Optimizes Performance at Water Plants
      • Using POE Techniques to Remove Radon
      • Influence of Bromide on Low-Pressure Membrane Filtration for Controlling DBPs in Surface Waters
      • Sampling and Enumeration of Zebra Mussel Veligers: Implications for Control
    • July
      • July 1993 Cover
      • July 1993 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - Oh, Is That What You Meant?
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Utility Compliance: Status and Outlook
      • Roundtable - Workplace Diversity
      • Theme Introduction - Distribution Systems
      • Tips for Saving Energy in Pumping Operations
        • See Letters-Letter #1-11/93-page 4
      • Computer-Generated Pumping Schedules for Satisfying Operational Objectives
      • Integrating Hydraulic Modeling and SCADA Systems for System Planning and Control
      • Using Computer Models to Determine the Effect of Storage on Water Quality
      • Assessing the Effects of Storage Tank Design on Water Qualtiy
      • Planning a Distribution System Flushing Program
      • Nitrification in a Distribution System
      • Investigating the Preferential Dissolution of Lead From solder Particulates
      • Examining the Relationship Between Iron Corrosion and the Disinfection of Biofilm Bacteria
    • August
      • August 1993 Cover
      • August 1993 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - The Mother Country's Shining Example
      • Viewpoint - California Consortium Finds Consensus
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Protecting the Public Against Cryptosporidium
      • Roundtable - IRP: An Open Planning Process
      • Theme Introduction - Conservation
      • The Energy Policy Act: Assessing Its Impact on Utilties
      • Integrating Conservation Targets Into Water Demand Projections
      • Marginal-Cost Pricing: Its Role in Conservation
      • Evaluating the Effect of Residential Water Audits
      • "The Social Acceptability of Water Conservation in Sprinfield, Ill."
      • Evaluation of a Field Test Kit for Monitoring lead in Drinking Water
      • Investigating the Effects of Chloramine on Elastomer Degradation
      • AOC Associated with Oils for Lubricating Well Pumps
      • Using Coefficients to Predict Dynamic Flow Torque for Quarter-TurnValves
    • September
      • September 1993 Cover
      • September 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Who's in Charge of Happiness?
      • Viewpoint - The Emperor Has No Clothes
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Reg-Neg process Draws to a Close
      • "Theme Introduction - Ther's a Will, But is There a Way?"
      • Getting the Most From a Contract Laboratory
      • Laboratory Management: Facing the Challenges of the Future
      • Quality Assurance and Quality Control for Drinking Water Laboratories
      • USEPA Drinking Water Laboratory Certification Program
      • Enumerating and Disinfecting Bacteria Associated With Particles Released From GAC Filter-Adsorbers
      • Sources of Chlorate Ion in US Drinking Water
      • Controlling the Formation of Chlorate Ion in Liquid Hypochlorite Feedstocks
      • The Occurrence of DBPs in Utah Drinking Waters
      • Removing THMs From Drinking Water Using High-Energy Electron-Beam Irradiation
    • October
      • October 1993 Cover
      • October 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - Philosophers All, We Are
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Information Collection Rule to Gather Critical Data
      • Theme Introduction - Treatment Plant Design
      • Water Quality Improvement Plan for Greater Vancouver
      • The Role of Residuals Disposal Laws in Treatment Plant Design
      • Air-Stripper Design and Costing Computer Program
      • Probabilistic Evaluation of Packed-Tower Aeration Designs for VOC Removal
        • See Letters-Letter #1-2/94-page 4
      • Using a Hydraulic model to Predict Hollow-Fiber UF Performance
      • Manganese Control During Ozonation of Water Containing Organic Compounds
      • Accelerated Testing of Copper Corrosion
      • Factors Affecting Radium Removal Using Mixed Iron-Manganese Oxides
      • Investigating Filter performance as a Function of the Ratio of Filter Size to Media Size
    • November
      • November 1993 Cover
      • November 1993 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections - The Tie That Bind Us
      • "Viewpoint - Wanted: Intuitive, Strategic Thinkers"
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - D-DBP Rule to Set Tight Standards
      • Roundtable - Sharing Public Policy Decisions
      • Theme Introduction - A Chance for the 'Inner Adult' to Shine
      • Public Affairs Programs: The Critical Link to the Public
      • Public Involvement in Austin's Rate Study
      • Working With a Politically Active Community
      • Survey Says Water Utility Advisory Councils Are a Success
      • Making the Public a Partner in Project Development
      • Analyzing Disinfection Kinetics and Reactor Design: A Conceptual Approach Versus the SWTR
      • Removing Giardia and Cryptosporidium by Slow Sand Filtration
      • Examining the Impact of Aquifer Storage and Recovery on DBPs
      • Table of Values of Most Probable Numbers: Ten Tubes, Three Dilutions
        • See Letters-Letter #3-4/94-page 4
    • December
      • December 1993 Cover
      • December 1993 Table of Contents
      • Reflections - On Keeping Bosses Informed
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation - Strengthening the Surface Water Treatment Rule
      • Theme Introduction - Refocusing on Filtration
      • Assessing Treatment Plant Performance
      • Testing Direct Filtration for the Treatment of High-Turbidity Water
      • The Performance and Microbiology of Ozone-Enhanced Biological Filtration
      • Predicting and Verifying TOC Removal by PAC in Pilot-Scale UF Systems
      • Particle Behavior in Deep-Bed Filtration: Part 1 - Ripening and Breakthrough
      • Particle behavior in Deep-bed Filtration: Part 2 - Particle Detachment
      • Particle Removal and Head Loss Development in Biological Filters
      • 1993 Index
  • 1994
    • January
      • January 1994 Cover
      • January 1994 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-A Message From the Romans
      • Viewpoint-Ensuring Water Quality in Urban Environments
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation- Congress to Decide Fate of Radon Standard
      • Roundtable-Customer service gains a foothold
      • Theme intro- Storms and silver linings
      • Overcoming the flood: how midwestern utilities managed disaster
      • Surviving the flood: teramwork pays off in Des Moines
      • Weathering the storm: water systems versus hurricanes
      • Emergency preparedness and response
      • Organonitrogen herbicides in the lower Kansas River basin
      • Effects of ozonation on coagulation of NOM using polymer alone and polymer/netal salt mixtures
      • "Examining the reactions between soluble iron, DOC, and alternative oxidants during conventional treatment"
    • February
      • February 1994 Cover
      • February 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Tips For Success
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-SDWAReauthorization Battle Begins
      • Roundtable-The competition for federal funds
      • Theme intro-Assessing the regulatory picture
      • The current regulatory agenda: an update
      • Penalties for SDWA and CWA violations
      • Costs and benefits of current SDWA regulations
      • Are water rates becoming unaffordable?
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/94-page 4
      • Waterborne disease in the United States, 1991 and 1992
        • See Letters-Letter #1-7/94-page 4
      • Determing the practical quantitation level for arsenic
      • A volumetric method for assessing Giardia inactivation
      • A survey of BOM in US drinking waters
    • March
      • March 1994 Cover
      • March 1994 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-Can We Talk About It?
      • Law & Water
      • Face to Face-A world view of water supply
      • Theme intro-Is privatization in the future for US water suppliers?
      • Privatizing infrastructure options for municipal systems
      • British privatization: balancing needs
      • Privatization in England and Wales
      • Privatizing the Mexican water industry
      • Water industry best practices
      • Competitive Adsorption of VOCs and BOM: the role of molecular oxygen
      • Comparing two GACs for adsorption and biostabilization
      • "Toxicological studies on MX, a disinfection by-product"
    • April
      • April 1994 Cover
      • April 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-How to Carve a Rose
      • Law & Water
      • Theme intro-Removing radionuclides
      • Managing the financial condition of a utility
      • Supply storage in federal reservoirs
      • Water conservation for Rhode Island lawns
      • Implications of discharging potable water in Southern California
      • Modifying ion exchange for combined removal of uranium and radium
      • Exhausting and regenerating resin for uranium removal
    • May
      • May 1994 Cover
      • May 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Understanding the Press
      • Viewpoint-Principles of community outreach
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-A Look At The Federal Drinking Water Revolving Loan Fund Proposals
      • Roundtable-Training for the next century
      • Theme intro-Small systems and big decisions
      • Strategic planning for SDWA compliance in small systems
        • See Letters-Letter #1-10/94-page 4
      • Small systems and SDWA reauthorization
      • Monitoring waivers for Phase II and Phase V regs
      • Dual-stage filtration proves cost- effective
      • Commercial labs: how accurate are they?
      • Monitoring the effect of zebra mussels on raw-water intakes
    • June
      • June 1994 Cover
      • June 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-The Fearless Crusader
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Information Collection Rule Delayed
      • Face to face-Taking the initiative
      • Theme intro- Disinfection By-products: Strengthening the Database
      • Quality degradation: implications for DBP formation
      • Precursor control in waters containing bromide
        • See Letters-Letter #3-9/94-page 4
      • BOM removal during biological treatment: a first-order model
      • Bromide's effect on DBP formation, speciation, and control: part 1, ozonation
        • See Letters-Letter #3-9/94-page 4
      • Using RSSCTs to predict field-scale GAC control of DBP formation
      • Evaluating surrogates for disinfection by-products
    • July
      • July 1994 Cover
      • July 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Who's Winning the Game?
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Inside Senate Bill 2019
      • Theme intro-Managing Distribution Systems: Theory and Practice
      • SCADA trends and integration perspectives
      • Knowledge-based systems for maintenance
      • Head loss testing in transmission mains
      • Stainless-steel piping
        • See Letters-Letter #1-10/94-page 4
      • The pitting corrosion of copper
      • Electrochemical nature of lead contamination
    • August
      • August 1994 Cover
      • August 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Keeping the Best and Brightest
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-A Preview of the New Sulfate Proposal
      • Theme intro-New Twists to Old Treatments
      • Cost-effectiveness of SDWA regulations
      • Effect of iron oxide coating on sand filtration
      • Evaluating buoyant coarse media flocculation
      • Synthetic adsorbent versus GAC for TCE removal
      • Removing EDB with GAC filters
      • Laboratory-scale testing of a continuous CLAS process
    • September
      • September 1994 Cover
      • September 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Legislation/Regulation-Crafting a New Arsenic Rule
      • Theme intro-In Search of an Arsenic MCL
      • Arsenic occurrence: USEPA seeks clearer picture
      • Health implications of arsenic in drinking water
      • Chemistry of arsenic removal during coagulation and Fe-Mn oxidation
      • Enhanced coagulation for arsenic removal
      • GAC adsorption of intermittently loaded pesticides
    • October
      • October 1994 Cover
      • October 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Advice From a Roman Poet
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Environmental and Related Federal Laws
      • Roundtable-Choosing Best Practices
      • Theme intro-Do everything as well as you can
      • "TQM in OREM, Utah responsive agency, satisfied customers"
      • Performance improvement: a challenge for water utilities
      • Developing rates with citizen involvement
      • Water affordability and alternatives to service disconnection
      • Training improves management effectiveness
      • Alternative strategies for removing bromate
    • November
      • November 1994 Cover
      • November 1994 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-On TV Reporting and Parasites
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Disposal of Radioactive Residuals
      • Roundtable-Regulatory Compliance Costs
      • Theme intro-Recycling and reuse: are they the answer?
      • Network modeling: advances at a major British utility
        • See Letters-Letter #2-2/95-page 4
        • See Letters-Letter #1-7/95-page 4
      • Development fees: a legislative history
      • Waste stream recycling: its effect on water quality
      • Long-term effects of sludge application to land
      • Effects of alum sludge on plant growth
      • The effect of shear on the dewatering of water treatment residuals
    • December
      • December 1994 Cover
      • December 1994 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-Opening the CEO's Box
      • Viewpoint-Protecting Consumers From Cryptosporidiosis
      • Law & Water
      • Theme intro-New Uses for Membrane Technology
      • Hydraulic transients cause low-pressure problems
      • Cost estimates for membrane filtration and conventional treatment
      • Membrane plants in North America
      • Selecting membranes for removing NOM and DBP precursors
      • Effect of selected anions on copper corrosion rates
  • 1995
    • January
      • January 1995 Cover
      • January 1995 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-Mickey Nolan Meets AWWA
      • Viewpoint-Complacency Caused Milwaukee's Crypto Outbreak
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Preparing for the Information Collection Rule
      • Theme intro-NOM: minimizing its impact
        • See Letters-Letter #2-4/95-page 4
      • Soil and Hydrology: their effect on NOM
      • NOM characterization and treatability
      • Selected processes for removing NOM: an overview
        • See Letters-Letter #1-6/95-page 4
      • Enhanced coagulation: its effect on NOM removal and chemical costs
      • Biodegradation of NOM: effect of NOM source and ozone dose
      • Effects of bromide and NOM on by-product formation
    • February
      • February 1995 Cover
      • February 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-A New Year's Salute
      • Viewpoint-Take the Test: What Drives Your Utility's Monitoring Program?
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-SDWA Reauthorization: Progress or Politics
      • Roundtable-Gaining Access to Capital Markets
      • Theme intro-Regs at Mercy of
      • An update of the federal drinking water regs
      • Complying with the SWTR: Ohio's experience
      • Planning for the ICR
      • Field evaluation of the GWDR's natural disinfection criteria
      • Measuring UV- absorbing organics: a standard method
        • See Letters-Letter #1-4/95-page 4
      • Enhanced coagulation: a preliminary evaluation
      • Preservation of trace metals in water samples
    • March
      • March 1995 Cover
      • March 1995 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-Mrs. Malaprop Lives Again
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Inside H.R. 226
      • Roundtable-Improving small water system viability
      • Theme intro-Membrane technology makes a splash
      • Microfiltration: a case study
      • Membrane air-stripping: effects of pretreatment
      • Low-pressure membranes: assessing integrity
      • Denitrification using a membrane-immobolized biofilm
      • Evaluating NF for DBP control with the RBSMT
      • UF with pretreatment for removing DBP precursors
    • April
      • April 1995 Cover
      • April 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Mesdames Athena and Coloroso
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Uncertainties Drive Arsenic Rule Delay
      • Theme intro- USEPA seeks delay in proposing rule
      • PCBs in sealants in water distribution reservoirs
      • Reducing bad-debt expenses
      • Soluble arsenic removal at water treatment plants
      • Arsenic removal by coagulation
      • An evaluation of algal enumeration
      • Technical note: constructing algae counting chambers
      • Inorganic metal polymers: preparation and characterization
    • May
      • May 1995 Cover
      • May 1995 Table of Contents
      • Reflections-Just a Boy in Cyberspace
      • Counterpoint- Political Bias Obscured Assessment
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Implications of Unfunded Mandate Reform
      • Face to Face-Accomplishing change
      • Theme intro-Expecting earthquakes and other emergencies
      • Mutual aid and emergency response for water utilities
        • See Letters-Letter #2-8/95-page 4
      • Earthquake lessons pay off in Southern California
      • LA's rehearsal for the big one
      • Shaken into action
      • Record floods sweep through Georgia
      • Integrated planning: a common-sense approach
      • Drinking water aluminum and bioavailability
        • See Letters-Letter #2-10/95-page 4, 108, 109
      • Zebra mussel mortality with chlorine
    • June
      • June 1995 Cover
      • June 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections
      • Law & Water
      • Theme intro-Planning for a century of change
      • Integrated resource planning fundamentals
      • Incorporating externalities in conservation programs
      • IRP: a case study from Kansas
      • IRP: a case study from Nevada
      • Destruction of DBP precursors with catalytic oxidation
      • Minimizing chlorate ion formation
    • July
      • July 1995 Cover
      • July 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-One for the History Books
        • See Letters-Letter #1-9/95-page 4
        • See also 3/96-Letter #1-page 4
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Setting Standards: Risk Assessment Issues
        • See Letters-Letter # 1-10/95-page 4
      • Roundtable-Planning for Residential Fire Sprinklers
      • Theme intro-Maintaining water quality and quantity
      • Water quality modeling in distribution networks
        • See Letters-Letter #2-11/95-page 4
      • Computer-generated optimal pumping schedule
      • Time-averaging water quality assessment
      • Corrosion control on the basis of utility experience
      • Network maintenance through analysis of the cost of water
      • Statistical procedures for corrosion studies
    • August
      • August 1995 Cover
      • August 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-On Being Great. . . But Not Great Enough
      • Viewpoint-Water Treatment: The Next Generation
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-The ICR: A Bumpy Road to Promulgation
      • Roundtable-On-line Communication
      • Theme intro-Preparing for the ICR
      • Toledo streamlines treatment operations
      • Hourly monitoring of single-family residential areas
      • Protozoan monitoring: from the ICR to the ESWTR
      • Bench and pilot testing under the ICR
      • Bench-scale evaluation of GAC for NOM control
      • "Technical Note: Interference of Br, BrO3, and ClO3 with DOX determination"
      • Evaluating a high-efficiency ozone injection contactor
    • September
      • September 1995 Cover
      • September 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections- A Dream That Is Coming to Birth
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation- Cryptosporidium: Answers to Common Questions
      • Theme intro- Controlling Cryptosporidium
      • Giardia and Cryptosporidium in raw and finished water
      • Cryptosporidiosis and public health: workshop report
      • Developing an action level for Cryptosporidium
      • Removing Cryptosporidium by dissolved-air flotation
      • Removing Giardia and Cryptosporidium by conventional treatment and direct filtration
      • "Mechanism of Cryptosporidium, Giardia, and MS2 virus removal by MF and UF"
    • October
      • October 1995 Cover
      • October 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-The town that hung a monkey
      • Law & Water
      • Theme intro-A delicate balance
      • The D/DBP Rule: where did the numbers come from?
      • Bromate
      • "Bromide's effect on DBP formation, speciation, and control: part 2, biotreatment"
      • DBPs in chlorinated North Carolina drinking waters
      • Jar-test evaluations of enhanced coagulation
    • November
      • November 1995 Cover
      • November 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Reflections-Oh, For a Muse of Fire!"
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Standard-Setting: Legislative Proposals
      • Roundtable-Economics of Small Systems
      • Theme intro-Small systems and scaled-down solutions
      • Capital needs of small systems
      • Package plants for small systems: a field study
      • Slow sand filters for a small water system
      • Reducing fluoride by managed POU treatment
      • An advanced oxidation process for DBP control
      • Correlating Cryptosporidium and Giardia with microbial indicators
      • Improved monitoring of corrosion processes
    • December
      • December 1995 Cover
      • December 1995 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Something To Be Sneezed At
        • See Letters-Letter #1-2/96-page 4
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation-Establishing Regulatory Priorities
      • Theme intro-Filtration: form and function
      • Traveling Water Screens
      • TOC removal in biological filters
      • "Biofiltration performance: part 1, relationship to biomass"
      • "Biofiltration performance: part 2, effect of backwashing"
      • Improving precursor removal
      • Removing Cryptosporidium using multimedia filters
  • 1996
    • January
      • January 1996 Cover
      • January 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-A song of praise and thanks
      • Viewpoint-Promoting efficient water use
        • See Letters-Letter #1-4/96-Page 4
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Small systems eye possible funding revolution
      • Legislation/Regulation-Implementing the US Energy Policy Act
      • Roundtable-What Are the Options for Reuse?
        • See Letters-Letter #2-5/96-page 4
      • Theme intro-Choosing to conserve
      • Conservation in the Delaware River Basin
      • Revenue instability induced by conservation rates
      • Conservation and the industrial customer
      • Conservation feebates
      • Flow trace analysis to assess water use
      • Cool-season turfgrass: estimating water use
      • Evaluating fluorspar for fluoridation
      • Technical Note: Chlorination effectiveness for zebra and quagga mussels
    • February
      • February 1996 Cover
      • February 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Reflections-Peek and run
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Small Systems and Computers
      • Legislation/Regulation-Using Computers to Find Federal Legislative and Regulatory Information
      • Roundtable-Quality Utility Service
        • See Letters-Letter #3-5/96-page 4
      • Theme intro-The speed limit increases on the Internet
      • Navigating cyberspace: a roadmap to the Internet
      • Decision-tree construction and analysis
      • Siting monofills for residuals using GIS
      • Water supply implications of herbicide sampling
      • Siting a large GAC regeneration facility
      • Fractal dimensions of aggregates from shear devices
    • March
      • March 1996 Cover
      • March 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-A Leader's Legacy
      • Viewpoint- A Friendly Revolt
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-The SDWA and Small Systems: What's on Tap?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Inside S. 1316
      • Roundtable-What Do Customers Want?
      • Theme intro-SDWA still stalled
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/96-page 4
      • An update of the federal regs
      • Developing the Ground Water Disinfection Rule
      • Pilot-plant studies: from planning to project report
      • Waterborne disease: 1993 and 1994
      • "Alkalinity, pH, and copper corrosion by-product release"
        • See Letters-Letter #1-6/96-page 4
        • See also 8/96-Letter #1-page 4
      • Water quality and disinfection kinetics
      • Determining quantitation levels for regulatory purposes
        • See Letters-Letter #1-7/96-page 4, 116, 118, 120
    • April
      • April 1996 Cover
      • April 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Choosing a Direction
      • Viewpoint-Welcoming Competition
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Town Council Weighs Contract Operations
      • Legislation/Regulation-Inside the Federal Budget Process
      • Roundtable-Public-Private Partnerships
      • Theme intro-The privatization continuum
        • See Letters-Letter #1-9/96-page 4
      • Competitive ways to run water utilities
      • Public-private partnerships
      • Sydney Water's public-private partnership
      • Adsorption kinetics of MIB and geosmin
      • Coagulation: its effect on organic matter
      • Effect of ozone on EOM and coagulation
      • Arsenic removal by ferric chloride
      • AWWA taste and odor survey
    • May
      • May 1996 Cover
      • May 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-What's In It for Me?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Conservation: It's Not Just for Big Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-Regulatory Compliance Using Membrane Processes
      • Theme intro-Tomorrow's treatment
      • Characteristics and costs of MF and UF plants
      • Cost of membrane softening in Florida
      • Regulations governing membrane concentrate disposal
      • Influence of NOM composition on nanofiltration
      • Organics in NF permeate
      • Membrane bioreactor: a new treatment tool
      • Biological stability of groundwater
    • June
      • June 1996 Cover
      • June 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Footprints in the Sand
      • Viewpoint-Optimizing Treatment: Now Is the Time
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation- Implementing the Information Collection Rule
      • Small Systems-Should Small Systems Worry About DBPs?
      • Face to Face- Expanding Horizons
      • Theme intro-Research sheds light on DBP dilemma
      • Incremental and average cost methods in rate design
      • Reducing cancer risks by improving organic carbon removal
      • Bromate formation in advanced oxidation processes
      • Three approaches for characterizing NOM
      • Assessing DBP yield: uniform formation conditions
      • GAC: pore structure versus dye adsorption
    • July
      • July 1996 Cover
      • July 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-The Great Age of Change
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems- Building a Cross-Connection Control Program
      • Legislation/Regulation-Lead and Copper Rule Revisions Proposed
        • See Letters-Letter #1-10/96-page 4
      • Theme intro-Beyond the basics
      • Influence of NOM on copper corrosion
      • Hydraulic mixing and free chlorine residual in reservoirs
      • Water quality and mixing models for tanks and reservoirs
      • Occurrence of nitrification in chloraminated distribution systems
      • Controlling nitrification in chloraminated systems
      • Water quality deterioration from corrosion of cement-mortar linings
      • Committee report: water accountability
    • August
      • August 1996 Cover
      • August 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-The Great Age of Change
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Getting the Most From Your Plant
      • Legislation/Regulation-Inside the Information Collection Rule
      • Theme intro-Pathways to improved water quality
      • ICR survival guide
      • Filter media rehabilitation at a lime-softening plant
        • See Letters-Letter #1-11/96-page 4
      • Multiagency approach to water quality enhancement
      • Optimizing submerged jet flocculator performance
      • Toxicity of chlorine dioxide to adult zebra mussels
      • Improving GAC performance by optimized coagulation
    • September
      • September 1996 Cover
      • September 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Can We Talk?
      • Small Systems-Waterborne Disease Outbreaks and Small Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-USEPA issues optional language for Cryptosporidium
      • Theme intro-Entering a new era
      • Entering a new era to epidemiology
      • Waterborne disease surveillance
      • US outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis
      • Milwaukee's crypto outbreak: investigation and recommendations
      • The Las Vegas cryptosporidiosis outbreak
        • See Letters-Letter #1-2/97-page 4
      • Environmental methods for Cryptosporidium
      • Evaluating plant performance with endospores
      • Assessing the risk posed by oocysts in drinking water
    • October
      • October 1996 Cover
      • October 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Batters Up
      • Small Systems-Improving Small Systems for Fire Protection
      • Face to Face- QualServe Program Takes Shape
      • Legislation/Regulation-Overview of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1996
      • Theme intro- Fire and water
      • Firestorm response: a multiagency alliance
      • Fire protection rates refined in Maine
      • Backflow protection and residential fire sprinklers
      • Sizing residential service lines
      • Mathematical modeling of PAC adsorption processes
      • Bromate ion removal by HEEB irradiation
    • November
      • November 1996 Cover
      • November 1996 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Making the Grade
      • Law & Water-
      • Small Systems-Illinois Community Examines Aquifer Protection Measures
      • Legislation/Regulation-Source Water Protection Under the Amended SDWA
      • "Roundtable-A-Team"" Decodes ICR for Utilities"
      • Theme intro-Working with what we have
      • Wholesale contracts: a resource option
      • Integrating conservation into water supply planning
      • Conservation-oriented waterrates
      • Pesticide distributions in surface water
        • See Letters-Letter #1-4/97-page 4
      • Ion exchange with denitrified brine reuse
    • December
      • December 1996 Cover
      • December 1996 Table of Contents
      • Waterscape-A Day to Remember
      • Viewpoint- Acceptable Microbial Risk
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems- Rapid Sand Filtration Demands Teamwork
      • Legislation/Regulation-Guidelines for Boil-Water Advisories
      • Theme intro-New Twists on a Old Standby
      • Assessing plant performance using MPA
      • Particle removal by flotation and filtration: pretreatment effects
      • Using granular media amendments to enhance NOM removal
      • Characterizing filter media mineral coatings
      • Iron oxide adsorption and UFto remove NOM and control fouling
  • 1997
    • January
      • January 1997 cover
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Be it Resolved
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-What do the SDWA Amendments Mean for Small Systems?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Update on the Ground Water Disinfection Rule
      • Operator certification
      • Theme intro-Getting down to business
      • Creative funding brings RO to small system
      • Business planning for small system capacity development
      • Improving service to small communities
      • Restructuring small systems
      • Predicting As removal during metal hydroxide precipitation
      • Physical-chemical mechanisms in slow sand filters
      • Research needs for small water systems: A survey
    • February
      • February 1997 cover
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-If they can put a man on the moon...
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-What Does SDWA Reauthorization Mean to You?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Reinventing a National Drinking Water Information System
      • Roundtable-QualServe pilot phase is under way
      • Theme intro-Network modeling step by careful step
      • Calibrating hydraulic network models
      • Fire flow computation with network models
        • See Letters-Letter #2-6/97, Page 4
        • Also See Letters-8/97-page 4
      • NOM removal by slow sand filtration through iron oxide-coated olivine
      • Bilological mechanisms in slow filters
      • Ozonation and BDOC removal: effect on water quality
      • Evaluation of Optical Detection Methods for Waterborne Suspensions
        • See Letters-Letter #1-5.97, Page 4
    • March
      • March 1997 Cover
      • March 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape- Is Small Still Beautiful?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-SDWA Then and Now
      • Legislation/Regulation-Implementing the 1996 SDWA Amendments
      • Theme intro- Time to Step Up to the Plate
      • Future directions in water quality regulations
      • The cost of infrastructure needs
      • New York City: To filter or not to filter?
        • See Letters-Letter #2-7/97, Page 4
      • Watershed protection for New York City's supply
      • Using negotiated guidelines in a facility upgrade
      • Coliform bacteria and waterborne disease outbreaks
      • Surveying arsenic occurrence
    • April
      • April 1997 Cover
      • April 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Getting Older . . . But Better
      • Viewpoint-Public Contract Operations
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Consumer Confidence Reports: Opportunity's Knocking
      • Legislation/Regulation-State Revolving Loan Fund Guidance Issued
      • Roundtable- Competitive challenges to the water industry
      • Theme intro-Utilities gain competitive strength
      • The Charlotte model for competition
        • See Letters-Letter #1-7/97, Page 4
      • Rapid performance improvement: one utility's revolution
      • Competition strategies for a public utility
      • Technology plans: a smart investment
      • FPA of selected odorous compounds
      • Predicting liquid bleach decomposition
      • Sensory GC analysis of decaying vegetation and septic odors
      • Optimizing treatment through Fe and Mn fractionation
    • May
      • May 1997 Cover
      • May 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Mud Wrestling
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Small Systems and AWWA's Annual Conference: Time for Another Look
      • Legislation/Regulation-Microbial/Disinfection By-Products Rules on Expedited Schedule
      • Face to Face-A Center for Excellence
      • Theme intro- Utilities prepare for enhanced coagulation
      • Public involvement helps supply project succeed
      • Water availability under the Texas water rights system
      • Evaluating criteria for enhanced coagulation compliance
      • Predicting DOC removal during enhanced coagulation
      • Reliability of surrogates for determining Cryptosporidium removal
      • Iron oxide-coated media for NOM sorption and particulate filtration
    • June
      • June 1997 Cover
      • June 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Along Came a Spider
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Electronic Communication: A Tool for Small Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-Information Collection Rule Monitoring to Begin
      • Face to Face-Facing the Future
      • Theme intro-Scientific body building
      • Shared residuals processing will benefit adjacent agencies
      • DBP occurrence survey
      • Bromate minimization during ozonation
      • Predicting the formation of aldehydes and BOM
      • Enhanced softening: factors influencing DBP precursor removal
      • Technical note: Does hydroxyl radical oxidize bromide to bromate?
    • July
      • July 1997 Cover
      • July 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Muttering
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Leak Detection Cost-effective and Beneficial
      • Legislation/Regulation-SDWA Limits Lead Content of Plumbing Materials
      • Face to Face-A Changing Public Health Role for Utilities
      • Theme intro-Balancing act
      • Communication strategies
      • A dual water system for Cape Coral
      • Kinetics of chlorine decay
      • Chloramination: its effect on distribution system water quality
      • Service lines: their effect on microbiological quality
      • Testing the SANCHO model on distribution systems
      • Committee report: transit-time ultrasonic flowmeters
    • August
      • August 1997 Cover
      • August 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Nueva Esperanza
      • Viewpoint-Optimization Begins But Never Ends
      • Small Systems-Communication Is the Key to Rate-Hike Acceptance
      • Law & Water
      • Legislation/Regulation- Regulating Filter Backwash Water
      • Roundtable- Defining Leadership Can individuals learn leadership skills?
      • Theme intro-Improving plant performance
      • Financial indicators measure fiscal health
      • Evaluating an AOP for TCE and PCE removal
      • Nonbiological surrogate indicators for assessing ozone disinfection
      • Pennsylvania's filtration evaluation program
      • Preliminary testing for control of DBPs in Cleveland
      • Carboxylic acids: formation and removal in full-scale plants
      • Evaluating ferrous iron for chlorite ion removal
    • September
      • September 1997 Cover
      • September 1997 Table of Contents
      • Waterscape-Outrage
      • Viewpoint-Disinfection in the Americas: A Necessity
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Communicating Water Quality With CCRs
      • Legislation/Regulation-Expedited Microbial/Disinfection By-product Rules Defined
      • Expedited Microbial/Disinfection By-product Rules Defined
      • Theme intro- Battling a stubborn foe
      • Understanding protozoa in your watershed
      • "Protozoa in river water: sources, occurrence, and treatment"
      • Protozoa in open reservoirs
      • Crypto research: are fundamental data missing?
      • Using flow cytometry to detect protozoa
      • Comparative performance of Colisure
    • October
      • October 1997 Cover
      • October 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Eulogy
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Microfiltration Bests Conventional Treatment
      • Legislation/Regulation-Small System Compliance Technology for the SWTR
      • Roundtable-Implementing a new SDWA
      • Theme intro-Large-scale plants show promise
      • Microfiltration operating costs
      • Integrated membrane treatment in Alaska
      • Nanofiltration: from prototype to full scale
      • Effect of pretreatment on surface water nanofiltration
      • DAF pretreatment: its effect on MF performance
      • Arsenic removal by RO and NF membranes
    • November
      • November 1997 Cover
      • November 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Can You Spell It?
      • Viewpoint-Urban Water Supply: The Next 100 Years
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Operator Certification-Will You Be Qualified?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Overview of SDWA Source Water Protection Programs
      • Roundtable-The Revolving Loan Fund
      • Theme intro-Wise water use
      • Distributing reclaimed water through dual systems
      • State and regional water planning in Texas
      • The Willamette-a river in peril
        • See Letters-9/98, Page 4-Letter #2
      • Reduction of microscopic particulates by aquifers
      • Assessing long-term hydrologic effects of land use change
      • Climate change and water resources
        • See Letters-1/98, Page 6
        • See Letters 3/98, page 4
        • See Letters 12/98, pages 4 and 12
      • Effect of iron and sulfur on thermal regeneration of GAC
    • December
      • December 1997 Cover
      • December 1997 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Pizza Anyone?
        • See Letters-7/98, Page 4
      • "Viewpoint-So Many Oocysts, So Few Outbreaks"
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Slow Sand Filtration: Still a Timeless Technology Under the New Regs?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Alternative Monitoring Guidelines Released
      • Theme intro-Fine-tuning a reliable process
      • USEPA's infrastructure needs survey
      • DE filtration to remove Cryptosporidium
      • Modifying a backwash trough to reduce media loss
      • Evaluating particle counters
      • Air transfer efficiency of packed saturators used in DAF
      • Biological filtration for BOM and particle removal: a critical review
      • Indexes-1997 Subject Index
  • 1998
    • January
      • January 1998 Cover
      • January 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-The Good Old Days
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-State Activities Pay Off
      • Legislation/Regulation- Shaping Regulations Through Public Involvement Opportunities
      • Roundtable- Consumer confidence reports: challenge and opportunity
      • Theme intro- Strengthening connections with the public
      • Water quality reports boost consumer confidence
        • See Letters-Letter #3-7/98, Page 4
      • Public affairs and the consumer landscape
      • Bubbling to the surface: public water supply issues
      • Public affairs step by step
      • Assessing the value of youth education
      • Deposition and retention of bacteria in backwashed filters
      • Backwashing first-stage sand-BAC filters
      • 14C-MIB adsorption on PAC in natural water
      • Executive Summaries
    • February
      • February 1998 Cover
      • February 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape- Are You Warm Enough?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Georgia's Peer Review Program
      • Legislation/Regulation-Communicating ICR Data on Cryptosporidium
      • Theme intro-A delicate balance
      • Energy management opportunities
      • Automatic meter-reading is not always economical
        • See Letters-4/98, Page 4
      • Conservation rates in the real world
      • UV disinfection of small groundwater supplies
      • NOM's role in bromine and bromate formation during ozonation
      • Controlling DBPs with monocholoramine
      • Effect of chlorine on PAC's ability to adsorb MIB
      • Executive Summaries
    • March
      • March 1998 Cover
      • March 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-An Armada of Regulations
      • Viewpoint- Seroepidemiology-The Key to Crypto Surveillance
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems- Regulatory Update for Small Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-Health Advisory Issued for Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether
      • Roundtable- How safe is safe?
      • Theme intro- Charting new territory
      • New horizons in federal regulation
      • Working with the USDA to protect source water
      • Crypto and Giardia in US groundwater
      • Leachability of regulated metals from cement-mortar linings
      • Using aeration for corrosion control
      • Cost to utilities of a lower MCL for arsenic
      • Considerations in As analysis and speciation
      • Executive Summaries
    • April
      • April 1998 Cover
      • April 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Divining Trends
      • Viewpoint-A Balanced View of Chlorine Dioxide
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Small Systems to Tackle Disinfection By-products
      • Legislation/Regulation-Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate List Released
      • Roundtable-Energy Deregulation
      • Theme intro-Protecting public health-a unifying goal
      • Route restructuring reduces meter-reading costs
      • Evaporative cooler water use in Phoenix
      • Analyzing HAAs and ketoacids without diazomethane
      • Removing particles and THM precursors by enhanced coagulation
      • Halogenated DBP concentrations in a distribution system
      • Dewaterability of alum and ferric coagulation sludges
      • Technical note: adsorption capacity of GAC for synthetic organics
      • Executive Summaries
    • May
      • May 1998 Cover
      • May 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Racing the Dinosaur
      • Viewpoint- What Is Good Science?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Greater Funding Opportunities for Small Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-State Revolving Fund Outlook
      • Theme intro- Help Is on the Way
      • Greater funding opportunities for drinking water systems
      • Oregon's SDWRLF gets under way
      • SDWA capacity development
      • Water conservation guidelines and the DWSRF
      • Water affordability and the DWSRF
      • TCE adsorption by GAC preloaded with humic substances
      • Combined adsorption-UF process increases TOC removal
      • Executive Summaries
    • June
      • June 1998 Cover
      • June 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-From Mouse to Man
      • Viewpoint-The Spanish Armada-A Different View
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Building a Winning Team
      • Legislation/Regulation-Complying With Risk Management and Process Safety Rules
      • Face to Face-Building on AWWA's Strengths
      • Theme intro-Getting Back to Basics
      • Implementing a DBO project
      • Achieving competitiveness through cultural change
        • See Letters-9/98, Page 4-Letter #1
      • Metric benchmarking
      • Activity-based costing
      • Spreadsheet water conditioning
      • Detection limits of organic contaminants in drinking water
      • Committee Report: Membrane processes
      • Executive Summaries
    • July
      • July 1998 Cover
      • July 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-The Coming Crisis
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Conducting an Effective Meter Replacement Program
      • Legislation/Regulation-Defining a Safe Level for Copper in Drinking Water
      • Theme intro-Distribution systems-the essential link
      • "Electrical grounding, pipe integrity, and shock hazard"
      • Managing water supply infrastructure
      • Sulfide-induced copper corrosion
      • Hydropower valve: a new application for an old device
      • Computing SI and CCPP using spreadsheet programs
      • Agricultural chemicals: effects on wells during floods
      • Executive Summaries
    • August
      • August 1998 Cover
      • August 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Mentors
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Taking the Mystery Out of O&M
      • Legislation/Regulation-Best Management Practices to Protect Groundwater Systems
      • Roundtable- Risk Management Planning
      • Theme intro- Minding the store
      • Blending supplies for plant optimization
      • Implementing a large-meter replacement program
      • Practical applications of turbidity monitoring
      • Small system maintenance management using GIS
      • Using hydraulic modeling to optimize contact time
      • Monitoring DBP formation with differential UV spectroscopy
      • Executive Summaries
    • September
      • September 1998 Cover
      • September 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Y2K
      • Viewpoint- Optimizing Operations to Reduce Waterborne Disease
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems- M/DBP Rules: Their Effect on Small Systems
      • "Legislation/Regulation- Safe Drinking Water January 1, 2000?"
      • Theme intro-Winning the war against microbes
      • Effect of rainfall on Giardia and crypto
      • Waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis
        • See Letters-3/99, Page 4 & 116
      • UV light inactivation of Cryptosporidium oocysts
      • Cost of advanced UV for inactivating crypto
      • Legionella in water distribution systems
      • Controlling Legionella using copper-silver ionization
      • Rejection of MS-2 virus by RO membranes
      • Executive Summaries
    • October
      • October 1998 Cover
      • October 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • "Waterscape-Out of Sight, Out of Mind"
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Are Operators the Only Ones Who Should Be Certified?
      • Legislation/Regulation-USEPA Operator Certification Guidelines to Address Key Issues
      • Roundtable-Operator Certification Is Coming of Age
      • Theme intro-Training wheels
      • Using need-to-know criteria to design training
      • Cross-training benefits Oregon plant
      • Pilot-plant training for high turbidity
      • Maryland program builds operator skills
      • Operator training: a step-by-step approach
      • Optimizing enhanced coagulation with PAC: A case study
        • See Letters-4/99, Page 4
      • Dynamic analysis of coagulation with alum and PACl
      • Sulfide-oxidizing bacteria: their role during air-stripping
      • Executive Summaries
    • November
      • November 1998 Cover
      • November 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Water's fer Fightin'
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Ultrafiltration Fits Between a Rock and a Hard Place
      • Legislation/Regulation- Complying With USEPA's Consumer Confidence Report Rule
      • Face to Face-QualServe Pilots Program for Mid-size Systems
      • Theme intro-Membrane markets multiply
      • Tokyo's modern water system celebrates its centennial
      • ICR treatment studies
      • Using PAC-UF to treat a low-quality surface water
      • Estimating costs for integrated membrane systems
      • Using a membrane bioreactor to reclaim wastewater
      • Committee Report: Gasket materials
      • Executive Summaries
    • December
      • December 1998 Cover
      • December 1998 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Lessons From Down Under
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-CCRs: Help Is Coming for Small Systems
      • Legislation/Regulation-Defining Public Water Systems
      • Theme intro- Squeezing more benefits out of filtration
      • Tracking filter performance with particle counting
      • BOM removal during biofiltration
      • Shutdown of BAC filters: effects on water quality
      • Effects of backwashing on biological filters
      • Detachment of particles during biofilter backwashing
      • Indexes
        • See Letters-4/99, Page 189-Letter #3
      • Executive summaries
  • 1999
    • January
      • January 1999 cover
      • January 1999 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-A Fork in the Road
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Conferences: Worthless or Worth It?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Federal Facilities Subject to SDWA Regulations
      • Roundtable-The disinfectant residual dilemma
      • Theme intro-To disinfect or not to disinfect
      • Safeguarding distribution system integrity
      • Maintaining quality without a disinfectant residual
      • Benefits of using a disinfectant residual
      • European regulations on residual disinfection
        • See Letters-3/99 Page 116
      • US regulations on residual disinfection
      • Distributing groundwater without a disinfectant residual
      • The case for maintaining a disinfectant residual
      • Booster chlorination for managing disinfectant residuals
      • Executive Summaries
    • February
      • February 1999 Cover
      • February 1999 Table of Contents
      • Waterscape-Legacy
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Y2K: Are Small Systems Ready?
      • Legislation/Regulation-Enforcement Policy Issued for Y2K Testing
      • Theme intro-Welcome to the information age
      • Preparing utility computer systems for the year 2000
      • Surfing the Web for water quality data
      • Converting utility data for a GIS
      • Ferric chloride plus GAC for removing TOC
      • Nitrate removal from contaminated groundwater
      • Committee Report: Design and installation of PE pipe
      • Executive Summaries
    • March
      • March 1999 Cover
      • March 1999 Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Confessions
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-More Regulations on the Horizon
      • Legislation/Regulation-Complying With the Stage 1 D/DBP Rule
      • "Roundtable-The past, present, and future SDWA"
      • "Theme intro-Preparation, planning spell success"
      • Complying with future water regulations
      • Modeling enhanced coagulation to improve ozone disinfection
      • Arsenic treatment considerations
        • See Letters-6/99, Page 4
      • Medium-pressure UV for oocyst inactivation
      • ICR protocol: alternative treatment of parasite sample data
      • DBP formation potential of aquatic humic substances
      • Executive Summaries
    • April
      • April 1999 Cover
      • 1999 April Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Warming Up My Crystal Ball
      • Viewpoint-Olde Tyme Religion in the New Millennium
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems- A Crash Course in Drinking Water
      • Roundtable-DBO and DBM gain popularity
      • Legislation/Regulation- Complying With the Interim Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule
      • Theme intro- It's tough being small
      • Capacity development: the small system perspective
      • Training center targets small system operators
      • Financial help for utilities along the US-Mexico border
      • Benefit-cost analysis of the Stage 1 D/DBP Rule
      • Benefits and costs of the IESWTR
      • Predicting full-scale TOC removal
      • Isotopic uranium activity ratios in California groundwater
      • Executive Summaries
    • May
      • May 1999 Cover
      • 1999 May Table of Contents
      • Waterscape-Where's the Off Button?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Solving O&M Problems on the Net
      • Face to Face-From Competition to Consolidation
      • Legislation/Regulation-Crafting a Regulation for Radon in Drinking Wate
      • Theme intro-Lightening the operations load
      • Helping operators improve plant performance
      • Uses of protozoan monitoring data
      • Desktop guidance for mitigating Pb and Cu corrosion by-products
      • Bacterial levels of new mains
      • Comparison of mineral acid pretreatments for sulfide removal
      • Executive Summaries
    • June
      • June 1999 Cover
      • 1999 June Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Innovate or Hesitate?
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Big Advantages in Membrane Filtration
      • "Legislation/Regulation-SDWA Enforcement Provisions, Initiatives, and Outlook"
      • Roundtable-Will membranes replace conventional treatment?
      • Theme intro-Small pores take on big jobs
      • Selecting MF to satisfy regulations
      • NF performance at full and pilot scale
      • Influence of NF on distribution system biostability
      • Microfiltration goes Hollywood: the Los Angeles experience
      • Oxidation of MTBE by ozone and peroxone processes
      • Executive Summaries
    • July
      • July 1999 Cover
      • 1999 July Table of Contents
      • Letters
      • Waterscape-Cassandras and Pollyannas
      • Viewpoint- Accrediting Distribution System Operation
      • Law & Water
      • Small Systems-Protecting Water Quality in the Distribution System
      • Legislation/Regulation-Peer Review and Data Access
      • Theme intro-Pipe dreams
      • "Inspecting systems for leaks, pits, and corrosion"
      • Using limited data to assess future needs
      • Unidirectional flushing: a powerful tool
      • Economic analysis for replacing residential meters
      • Wet-pipe fire sprinklers and water quality
      • Cement-mortar pipes as a source of aluminum
      • Executive Summaries

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